Blue MOD Vocab #3

Created by HIDEKOWILLIAMS 

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70 terms

nasopharynx

the part of the throat behind the nose

oropharynx

the part of the throat behind the mouth

laryngopharynx

the part of the throat above the larynx

trachea

tube which leads to the lungs

esophagus

tube which leads to the stomach

epiglottis

flap of tissue which covers the trachea

stomach

saclike structure responsible for digestion

small intestine

responsible for absorption of nutrients

duodenum

first portion of the small intestine

jejunum

middle portion of the small intestine

ileum

end portion of the small intestine

large intestine

eliminates undigested material

cecum

the first portion of the large intestine

ascending colon

part of the large intestine that passes upward

transverse colon

part of the large intestine that passes horizontally

descending colon

part of the large intestine that passes downward

rectum

serves as a storage area for waste products

liver

manufactures bile

pancreas

provides digestive juices which aid in digestion

gallbladder

serves as a storage area for bile

pharyngitis

inflammation of the throat

sphincter

a muscle which opens and closes

cheiloplasty

surgical repair of the lip

gingivectomy

surgical removal of the gum

sialolithiasis

presence of a stone in the salivary gland

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsil

celiac

relating to the abdomen

laparoscopy

visual exam of the abdominal wall

pyloromyotomy

to cut into the pylorus muscle

enterostomy

formation of a new opening in the intestines

jejunorrhaphy

suturing of the jejunum

colostomy

formation of a new opening in the colon

proctologist

one who specializes in the study of the rectum

bariatrics

a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of obesity

appendectomy

removal of the appendix

cirrhosis

chronic disease that causes scarring of the liver

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

borborygmus

growling sound heard in the abdomen

cholecystogram

record of the gallbladder

hematemesis

to vomit blood

choledocholithotomy

incision of a stone in the bile duct

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

pancreatectomy

surgical removal of the pancreas

postprandial

after a meal

diarrhea

discharge or flow

deglutition

swallowing

halitosis

bad breath

adenoidectomy

removal of the adenoids

regurgitation

vomiting

hypercholesterolemia

an excessive amount of cholesterol in the blood

hernia

protrusion of organ

absorption

the passing of simple nutrients into bloodstream

aerophagia

swallowing of air

anorexia

loss of appetite

ascites

excessive fluid in the abdomen

bulimia

binge eating followed by purging

barium enema

lower GI series

barium swallow

upper GI series

cathartics

laxatives

anastomosis

formation of an opening between two hollow vessels

gastrointestinal endoscopy

test to visualize parts of the GI tract

esophagojejunostomy

formation of a connection between the esophagus and the jejunum

hernioplasty

surgical repair of a hernia

hemoccult

test which determines bleeding in the GI tract

liver scan

nuclear medicine scan that detects liver disorders

antacids

medications which neutralize acids in the stomach

emetics

medications which induce vomiting

antiemetics

medications used to stop vomiting

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

needle inserted through the skin to visualize the bile ducts

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