SUBJECT VERB OBJECT
in the brain. helps us communicate our internal thoughts to others
lesion in back of brain. you can say something correctly but you cant really understand what you are saying. fluent but no comprehension
lesion in front part of brain. cant say names but you know what it is intelligently
encoding message into sentence
producing speech chain for the target message
air medium being vibrated
auditory/visual input ---> speech/visual perception
decoding process (meaning of message comprehended)
knowledge system. inner language (concept) combined with linguistic rule system.
neuromuscular process. we need the speech articulators to turn the concepts into speech
nelsons definition of language
its a socially shared code that uses a conventional system of arbitrary symbols to represent ideas about the world that are meaningful to others that know the same code.
4 characteristics of language
1. socially shared
2. uses an arbitrary symbol system
3. conventional code
4. re-presentative tool
how is language variation or diversity formed?
2. sociological- deaf asl people
3. multicultural- bilingual
what happens if language is not shared?
you wont learn language. ex. genie case
is language innate?
yes. we are born with a neuroanatomical foundation for rapid language acquisition . human brain has its own genetic basis for language learning.
who believed that language was innate?
noam chomsky. first linguist to correlate language/speech with human brain functioning
what is the critical period of language acquisition?
language symbols are arbitrary. the relationship b/w words and referents is arbitrary.
not necessarily predetermined
language is a conventional system
we have to follow the rules to the language
language is a tool for what?
cognitive functions. thinking, inference, hypothesizing, memorizing, planning, and problem solving
language is made up for what three components?
form, content, and use
how sounds are arranged to make a word. how sounds are arranged to make sentences
meaning aspect of language. words we use and the meaning behind them.
vocab system in the brain, goes with content. a knowlegde system different from the dictionary. complicated structure. good area for efficient language intervention.
ability to understand the speakers true intention.
syntax, morphology, phonology
features of language
1. rate of acquisition
rate of acquisition
children develop language at a remarkably rapid pace.
ability of the brain to adapt new information, after CPLA the brain loses plasticity.
every human culture has one language. human languages share alot in common.
language is ubiquitous- found everywhere
human language's capacity to be able to represent any possible concepts. like new words like internet and router
ex. elephizza and scarferoni
ability to combine very small number of units into infinite novel sentences. ex. number system, music code
thomas and the siding example with the mom and the son