Chapter 15 Sec. 2

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Urbanization

Growth of cities

Americanization Movement

-Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture
-Sponsered by the government and concerned citizens
-Volantary programs such as schools taught immigrants skills they needed to gain citizenship (English literacy, American history and government)

Tenements

Multifamily urban dwellings that were overcrowded and unsanitary

Mass Transit

Transportation systems designed to transport large numbers of people along fixed routes

Social Gospel Movement

An early reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor

Settlement Houses

Community centers in slum nerighborhoods that provided assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants

Jane Addams

One of the most influencial members of the movement who was one of the founders of the Hull House- settlement house in Chicago

How was the issue of housing and poverty fixed?

-Social Gospel Movement
-Settlelent Houses
-Jane Addams

How was the issue of sanitation fixed?

-Sewer lines were developed
-Developed new departments to improve sanitation concerns
-Chlorination: a method of purifying water by mixing it with chlorine

How was the issue of fires resolved?

-Wood was replaced with brick, stone, or conrete as the primary building material to reduce the risk of fire
-Paid fire department (Cincinnati)
-Automatic fire sprinkler invented

Tenements were community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor. True/False

False
-Settlement houses were community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor, not tenements.

Urbanization is a term that describes the growth of farming regions. True/False

False
-Urbanization is a term that describes the growth of cities

Why did immigrants want to come to America- what oppurtunities were they offered?

-Jobs
-Different/better lives
-Cities were the cheapest and most convenient places to live
-Ethnic comunities

What are some issues that immigrants faced when moving to America?

-Housing
-Transportation
-Water
-Sanitation
-Crime
-Fire

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