Early Greek History Questions

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What was Greece's largest island?

Crete

What sea separates Greece from Asia Minor?

Aegean

Which is Greece's easternmost city?

Byzantium

What is the largest area on the map that was not part of the Greek world?

Asia Minor

What form of government did social status play a role?

Aristocracy

What form of government as practiced in Sparta?

Oligarchy

Where was monarchy the form of governbment by 2000 B.C.E.?

Mycenae

Which form of government sometimes had a ruler who claimed divine right?

Monarchy

Which form of government was ruled by all citizens?

direct democracy

What caused the major difficulties in uniting ancient Greeks under a single government?

the geography of the region

Who was driven from Greece shortly before the golden age of Athens began?

the Persians

Why was Alexandria, Egypt, important during the Hellenistic period?

It became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic culture.

What separated the different regions within Greece?

mountains

Which of the following fought the Peloponnesian War?

Athens and Sparta

Which of the following did Athens and Sparta have in common?

They were both city-states.

In which forms of government was rule based at least partially on wealth?

aristocracy and oligarchy

In which forms of government did heredity play no role in the selection of rulers?

democracy and oligarchy

Which form of government does not involve rule by a group?

monarchy

How did government in Athens evolve?

from an aristocracy to a democracy

Which form of government was the earliest in this (Athens) region?

aristocracy

What is the order in which these three peoples dominated Greece?

Mycenaeans; Dorians; Macedonians

What was an important feature of Athenian democracy under Pericles?

It increased the number of paid officials.

What was the direct cause of Athens' gradual move toward democracy?

fears of major political upheavels

Why do archaeologists think the Trojan War actually place?

An archaeologist the possible remains of ancient Troy.

In which form of government was rule sometimes justified by religon?

Monarchy

Why is the government during the Age of Pericles referred to as a "direct" democracy?

Citizens ruled directly; they did not elect representative

How do you know that Sparta's rulers would be hard to overthrow?

They had controll of the military.

In which city-state was power most widely shared?

Athens (461 B.C.E.)

Which of the following did Athenians do in order to transform an aristocracy into a direct democracy?

break up the power of the rich nobility

Given the meaning of polis, and considering the definition of acropolis, you can tell that the Greek combining form acro- means

"highest"

In ancient Greece, a tyrant differed from other leaders in that he

had authority over the military.

Solon is known for

introducing political and economical reforms to Athens.

A phalanx was a type of

military formation

The most severe restriction on democracy in Athens under Cleisthenes concerned

which members of the society were considered citizens

All of the following were characteristics of Athens' direct democracy EXCEPT

leaders chosen by the aristocracy.

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