Psych 6

Created by aprilngo 

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Stimulus

Something that produces a reaction

Classical conditioning

A simple form of learning in which one stimulus elicits the response usually elicited by another stimulus

Unconditioned stimulus

A stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not learned

Unconditioned response

An automatic response to a stimulus

Conditioned stimulus

A stimulus that causes a response that is learned

Conditioned response

A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral

Extinction

Occurs when the conditioned stimulus is disconnected from the unconditioned stimulus

Generalization

Occurs when people respond in the same way to similar stimuli

Discrimination

The act of responding differently to stimuli that are not similar

Flooding

A method for reducing fears in which a person is cOntinually exposed to the harmless stimulus until fear responses to that stimulus are extinguished

Systematic desensitization

A gradual method of reducing fears in which people are taught relaxation techniques

Counterconditioning

A method Of reducing fears by repeatedly pairing a pleasant stimulus with a fearful one

Operant conditioning

A form of learning based on the consequences of actions

Positive Reinforcement

Reinforcers that increase the frequency of the behavior they follow when they are Applied

Reinforcement

The process by which a stimulus increases the chances that the preceding behavior will occur again

Negative reinforcement

Reinforcers that increase the frequency of the behavior they follow when they are removed

Punishment

Unwanted events that decrease the frequency of the behavior they follow when they are applied

Continuous

Type of reinforcement in which a behavior is reinforced every time the behavior occurs

Partial

Type of reinforcement in which a behavior is not reinforced every single time it occurs

Fixed ratio

Type of schedule in which reinforcement is provided after a fixed number of correct responses have been made

Fixed interval

Type of schedule in which a fixed amount of time elapses between reinforcements

Variable interval

Type of schedule in which varying amounts of time go by between reinforcements

Latent learning

Learning that remains hidden until it I'd needed

Observational learning

Learning that is aquired through observing and imitating others

Review

The final step in the PQ4R

Variable ratio

Type of schedule in which reinforcement is provided after a variable number of correct responses have been made

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