CLE Test 1

97 terms by vmdever 

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AD/anno Domini

year of the Lord

AM/ante meridiem

morning time

ad infinitum

indefinitely

ad nauseam

to the point of disgust

Aegean Sea

where King Aegeus died

agenda

to-do list

agora/forum

marketplace

ambrosia

food of the gods

Aphrodite/Venus

goddess of love and beauty

Apollo

god of light,music,prophecy

apple of discord

Eris' apple causing strife

aqueduct

brought water to Roman cities

Arachne

changed into a spider

Artemis/Diana

goddess of hunt

Ares/Mars

god of war

Ariadne

helped Theseus defeat Minotaur

Athena/Minerva

goddess of wisdom

Athens

Athena's city

Atlas

Titan who held up the sky

atrium

Roman hallway

Augustus

Octavian's title

Caesar

famous Roman general

carpe diem

seize the day

Chaos

formless universe

Charon

ferryman to Hades

Circus Maximus

Roman racetrack

Colosseum

Rome's amphitheater

Achilles' heel

a weakness

cave canem

beware of dog

Carthage

Rome's African enemy

Adriatic Sea

Italy's eastern sea

aegis

Zeus' protection

Aeneas

Rome's Trojan founder

Aeneid

Vergil's story of Aeneas

alma mater

foster mother (school)

alpha & omega

beginning & end

Alps

Italy's northern mountains

alter ego

a second self

alumna/alumnus

school graduate

amor omnia vincit

love conquers all

antebellum

before a war

Apennines

Italy's central mountains

Acropolis

Athens' hilltop

bona fide

in good faith

Capitoline Hill

Hill of Rome with Jupiter Temple

Cerberus

Hades' 3-headed guard dog

Chimera

lion,goat,snake monster

consul

chief Roman executive

cornucopia

horn of plenty

Cronus/Saturn

swallowed olympians

Cyclops

one-eyed giants

Delphic Oracle

Apollo's oracle

Demeter/Ceres

goddess of harvest

Dionysus/Bacchus

god of wine

e pluribus unum

one from many

e.g./exempli gratia

for example

ego

personal self

Elysian Fields/Elysium

place of blessed after death

epic

long poem about a hero

Eros/Cupid

god of love

Et tu, Brute

Caesar's dying words

etc/et cetera

and others

ex libris

from the collection of

fates

decided mortals' lifespan

finis

the end

fresco

plaster painting

furies

avenging spirits

Golden Fleece

what Jason sought

Gorgons

snake-haired sisters

Hades/Pluto

god of underworld

Hannibal

Carthaginian general

Hector

Trojan warrior

Helen

kidnapped wife of Menelaus

Hephaestus/Vulcan

god of fire

Hera/Juno

queen of the gods

Heracles/Hercules

hero of 12 labors

Hermes/Mercury

messenger of the gods

Hestia/Vesta

goddess of the hearth

Homer

author of Iliad/Odyssey

i.e./id est

that is

Icarus

flew too close to sun

Daedalus

ancient inventor

Ides of March

time of Caesar's death

Iliad

story of Trojan War

in loco parentis

in place of a parent

in memoriam

to the memory of

errare humanum est

to err is human

et al./et alii

and others

Etruscans

advanced Italian people

Eurydice

Orpheus' wife

ex officio

by virtue of office

Excelsior!

higher

fasces

ax/rod bundle symbol of consul

fortuitous

fortunate

Ge/Gaea

mother earth

homo sapiens

term for humans

Hydra

100-headed serpent

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