Russian Ch 14, 15, 16

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What two continents does Russia span?

Europe Asia

What mountain range creates the boundary between the two regions in Russia?

Ural

What Lake in Russia holds 1/5 of the world's freshwater?

Lake Baikal

What is permanently frozen subsoil called?

Permafrost

What body of water connects Moscow to the Caspian Sea?

Volga River

The Rivers in Siberia flow in what direction?

They flow north to the Arctic Ocean

What is the dominant climate region in Russia?

Subartic

What area feeds much of Russia?

Black Earth Belt

What form of government is in Russia?

Socialism

What area is Russia's highest point found?

Caucasus

What region makes up the majority of the land in Russia and about 25% of its people?

Siberia

Where is the Central Siberian Plateau (Russia)?

Rugged boundary between Russian and China

What is another name for the Northern European Plain in Russia?

Russian plain

Where is the Northern European plain (Russian Plain) located?

Across western and central Europe and into Russia

What is the name of the Russian plain that is 1 million square miles and one of the world's largest flatlands and divides the northern European plan from another plain?

Western Siberian Plain

What Russian river is the world's 4th longest river?

Volga

What Russian river drains Eastward?

Amur River (border between Russia and China)

The Era between 1922 and 1991 in Russia was called the ______ era.

Soviet

What was the fortress built in Russia by Ivan the Great?

St. Petersburg

What was the Cold War?

The struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States for world dominance

Russian is so large that is spans ____ continents.

2

The traditional boundary between European Russia and Asia Russia is marked by what?

Ural Mountains

What is energy generated by falling water?

Hydroelectric power

What is the forest belt in Russia's subarctic climate region?

Taiga

What is black rich soil that supports the production of what and other crops?

Chernozem

What is the vast treeless plain in northern Russia called?

Tundra

What are temperate grassland areas with dry summers and cold, dry winters called?

Steppe

What is the highest point of the Caucasus Mts?

Mt. Elbrus (18,510 feet above sea level)

What is the largest Lake in Asia?

Lake Baikal

What is a general term for a major ethnic group?

Nationality

What does Sovereignty mean?

Self rule

What is the supreme ruler of Russia called?

Czar

What is the belief that calls for greater economic equality called?

Socialism

What is the belief that calls for a new society led by workers called?

Communism

If you were a member of the revolutionary groups that was led by Lenin, what were you called?

Bolshevik

The struggle between communism and capitalism for world independence was called what?

Cold War

What was Perestroika?

Policy of economic restructuring

What was Glasnost?

Policy of greater political openness

What is the belief that there is no God called?

Atheism

What is the second largest religion in Russia?

Islam

What is the religion of Tuva, Buryatia, and Kalmykia called?

Buddhism

What is Russification?

Organized religious persecution

What was art called that glorified Soviet Communism?

Socialist Realism

What was the Kievan Rus?

A loose union of city States organized by the Varangians

In the 600s Slavs settled near what on the North European Plains?

Waterways

What did Ivan the Great build?

Kremlin

What is the Kremlin?

A huge fortress built by Ivan the Great, King of the Muscovites

After Ivan the Terrible expanded the Russian Territory, he made himself what?

Supreme ruler or czar

How did Peter the Great make Russia more modern?

He built ports, encouraged trade

When the Bolsheviks took control of the government in 1917, what kind of government did it change to?

Communist

The countries in the region that were controlled by the Soviet Union were called what?

Satellites

What was the policy that Mikhail Gorbechev began to restructure Russia through?

Perestroika

Russian moved from a ______ economy to a ______ economy which brought economic hardship to Russia.

Command to a Market

When all the Soviet Republics declared independence, what happened?

The Soviet Union collapsed

What has threatened the stability of Russia?

Separatist movements

The Soviet government disapproved of religion. They promoted what?

Atheism

Russian is made up of more that ______ ethnic groups

70

What percentage of the population lives in 2/3 of Russia's land area?

25

Most Russians belong to what church?

Orthodox Church

What is the second largest ethnic group in Russia?

Turkic peoples

Why is Russia's population decreasing?

Poor health care and low birth rates

The Chechens, Dagestanis, and Inguslietians was predominantly what ethnic group?

Caucasian

What "strangled" artistic expression in Russia?

Socialist Realism

Who is Aleksander Solzhenitsyn?

He is a writer who wrote Gular Archepelego

Since 1990, urban population in most industrialized cities in Russian has increased or decreased?

Decreased

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