History-chapter 5

Created by juliareid 

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What is a unicameral legislature?

a lawmaking body with a single house of elected representatives

Under the Articles of Confederation, who chose the federal government's Congress of delegates?

state legislatures

Under the Articles of Confederation, small states like Rhode Island wielded as much power as large states such as Virginia because...

each state had one vote in Congress

What provided a plan for governing western lands?

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

The delegates at the Constitutional Convention met to...

revise the Articles of Confederation

Which proposal most resembled the Articles of Confederation?

the New Jersey Plan

The Three-fifths compromise resulted in...

more representation in Congress for southern states

The Federalists favored ratification because they wanted...

a strong central government

States that wanted a more democratic form of government with greater representation for the common people favored...

a unicameral legislature

Most state constitutions guaranteed...

freedom of religion

What type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?

a loose confederation of strong state governments

What was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?

Congress could not levy or collect taxes from the states

What was a tenet of the New Jersey Plan?

executive committee leads the executive branch

The U.S. constitution contains which provisions from the VA Plan?

The government is divided into three branches

In what year could the Constitution go into effect?

1788

Which principle provides for a system in which the government derives its power from the governed?

popular sovereignty

In what way does the legislative branch check the power of the judicial branch?

confirms judges

Which political theory defines the different responsibilities for each branch of government?

separation of powers

What was accomplished at the Constitutional Convention in 1787?

the U.S. constitution was written?

What did the Federalists want the Constitution to provide?

a strong central government

Antifederalists criticized the Constitution as...

concentrating too much power in the hands of a few

Who was a prominent Federalist?

James Madison

To win support for the Constitution, Federalists promised to add...

a bill of rights

Critics of the VA plan were concerned that...

a strong President would gain king-like power

What describes federalism?

State and national governments share power

The Three-Fifths Compromise...

required all states to return fugitive slaves to their owners

Which fort in the NorthWest Territory was located farthest north?

Fort Mackinac

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787...

set up rules and procedures for territories to request admission into the U.S. as a state

Under the Articles of confederation, how many states had to agree for there to be any changes made to the Articles?

13

According to the Constitution, how many states were required to ratify the new constitution in order for it to take effect?

9

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