English Vocab 1-9

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adulterate

(v.) to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value

ambidextrous

(adj.) able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful, hypocritical

augment

(v.) to make larger, increase

bereft

(adj., part.) deprived of; made unhappy through a loss

deploy

(v.) to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up

dour

(adj.) stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored

fortitude

(n.) courage in facing difficulties

gape

(v.) to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide

gibe

(v.) to utter taunting words;
(n.) an expression of scorn

guise

(n.) an external appearance, cover, mask

insidious

(adj.) intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous

intimation

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion

opulent

(adj.) wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose

pliable

(adj.) easily bent, flexible; easily influenced

reiterate

(v.) to say again, repeat

stolid

(adj.) not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull; unresponsive

tentative

(adj.) experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant

unkempt

(adj.) not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude

verbatim

(adj. adv.) word for word; exactly as written or spoken

warily

(adj.) cautiously, with great care

adroit

(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind

amicable

(adj.) peaceable, friendly

averse

(adj.) having a deep-seated distate; opposed, unwilling

belligerent

(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive;
(n.) one at war, one engaged in war

benevolent

(adj.) kindly, charitable

cursory

(adj.) hasty, not thorough

duplicity

(n.) treachery, deceitfulness

extol

(v.) to praise extravagantly

feasible

(adj.) possible, able to be done

grimace

(n.) a wry face, facial distortion
(v.) to make a wry face

holocaust

(n.) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering

impervious

(adj.) not affected by or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance

impetus

(n.) a moving force, impulse, stimulus

jeopardy

(n.) danger

meticulous

(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details

nostalgia

(n.) a longing for something past; homesickness

quintessence

(n.) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example

retrogress

(v.) to move backward; to return to an earlier condition

scrutinize

(v.) to examine closely

tepid

(adj.) lukewarm, unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest

adversary

(n.) an enemy, opponent

alienate

(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey

artifice

(n.) a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery

coerce

(v.) to compel, force

craven

(adj.) cowardly
(n.) a coward

culinary

(adj.) of or related to cooking or the kitchen

delete

(v.) to erase, wipe out, cut out

demise

(n.) a death, especially of a person in a lofty position

exhilarate

(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to

fallow

(adj.) plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow
(n.) land left unseeded
(v.) to plow but not seed

harass

(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks

inclement

(adj.) stormy, harsh; sever in attitude or action

muse

(v.) to think about in a dreamy way, ponder

negligible

(adj.) so unimportant that it can be disregarded

perpetuate

(v.) to make permanent or long lasting

precedent

(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action

punitive

(adj.) inflicting or aiming punishment

redress

(v.) to set right, remedy
(n.) relief from wrong or injury

sojourn

(n.) a temporary stay
(v.) to stay for a time

urbane

(adj.) refined in manner or style, suave

affiliated

(adj., part.) associated, connected

ascertain

(v.) to find out

attainment

(n.) an accomplishment, the act of achieving

bequeath

(v.) to give or pass on as an inheritance

cogent

(adj.) forceful, convincing; relevant, to the point

converge

(v.) to move toward one point, approach nearer together

disperse

(v.) to scatter spread far and wide

esteem

(v.) to regard highly
(n.) a highly favorable opinion or judgement

expunge

(v.) to erase, obliterate, destroy

finite

(adj.) having limits; lasting for a limited time

invulnerable

(adj.) not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack

malevolent

(adj.) spiteful, showing ill will

nonchalant

(adj.) cool and confident, unconcerned

omniscient

(adj.) knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding

panacea

(n.) a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems

scrupulous

(adj.) exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled

skulk

(v.) to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding

supercilious

(adj.) proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority

uncanny

(adj.) strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation

venial

(adj.) easily excused, pardonable

altruistic

(adj.) unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others

assent

(v.) to express agreement
(n.) agreement

benefactor

(n.) one who does good to others

chivalrous

(adj.) marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly

clemency

(n.) mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness

dearth

(n.) a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine

diffident

(adj.) shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved

discrepancy

(n.) a difference; a lack of agreement

embark

(v.) to go abroad; to make a start; to invest

facile

(adj.) easily done or attained; superficial; ready, fluent; easily shown but not sincerely felt

indomitable

(adj.) unconquerable, refusing to yield

infallible

(adj.) free form error; absolutely dependable

plod

(v.) to walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly

pungent

(adj.) causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting

remiss

(adj.) neglectful in performance of one's duty, careless

repose

(v.) to rest; lie; place;
(n.) relaxation, peace of mind, calmness

temerity

(n.) rashness, boldness

truculent

(adj.) fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh

unfeigned

(adj.) sincere, real, without pretense

virulent

(adj.) extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful

accede

(v.) to yield to; to assume an office or dignity

brandish

(v.) to wave or flourish in a menacing or vigorous manner

comprise

(v.) to include or contain; to be made up of

deft

(adj.) skillful, nimble

destitute

(adj.) deprived of the necessities of life; lacking in

explicit

(adj.) definite, clearly stated

extirpate

(v.) to tear up by the roots; to destroy totally

inopportune

(adj.) coming at a bad time; not appropriate

ironic

(adj.) suggesting an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens; given to irony, sarcastic

musty

(adj.) stale, moldy; out-of-date

officious

(adj.) meddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authority

ominous

(adj.) unfavorable, threatening, of bad omen

pinnacle

(n.) a high peak or point

premeditated

(adj., part.) considered beforehand, deliberately planned

rampant

(adj.) growing without check, running wild

solace

(n.) comfort, relief
(v.) to comfort, console

stately

(adj.) dignified, majestic

supple

(adj.) bending easily; bending with agility; readily adaptable; servile

suppress

(v.) to stop by force, put down

venal

(adj.) open to or marked by bribery or corruption

abhor

(v.) to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply

amend

(v.) to change in a formal way; to change for the better

buffet

(v.) to slap or cuff; to strike repeatedly; to drive or force with blows; to force one's way with difficulty
(n.) a slap, blow

chaos

(n.) a great confusion, disorder

commodious

(adj.) roomy, spacious

corrosive

(adj.) eating away gradually, acidlike; bitterly sarcastic

discern

(v.) to see clearly, recognize

extant

(adj.) still existing; not exterminated, destroyed, or lost

implicate

(v.) to involve in; to connect with or be related to

inter

(v.) to bury, commit to the earth; to consign to oblivion

martinet

(n.) a strict disciplinarian; a stickler for the rules

obviate

(v.) to anticipate and prevent; to remove, dispose of

renegade

(n.) one who leaves a group; a deserter, outlaw
(adj.) traitorous; unconventional, unorthodox

reprehensible

(adj.) deserving blame or punishment

somber

(adj.) dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit

squalid

(adj.) filthy, wretched, debased

turbulent

(adj.) disorderly, riotous, violent; stormy

vociferous

(adj.) loud and noisy; compelling attention

voluminous

(adj.) of great size; numerous; writing or speaking at great length

waive

(v.) to do without, give up voluntarily; to put off temporarily, defer

animosity

(n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility

apathy

(n.) a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest

apprehensive

(adj.) fearful or anxious, especially about the future

commend

(v.) to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of

compatible

(adj.) able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system

condolence

(n.) an expression of sympathy

consecrate

(v.) to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose

decrepit

(adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined

deride

(v.) to ridicule, laugh at with contempt

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