A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
peoples enslaved in Egypt who eventually became the community known as Israel
an Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan
A set of laws for responsible behavior, which, according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God.
an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea
David's son who was a great king. He built massive project in Israel including the Great Temple. His project cost the people a lot of money in taxes causing a division in Israel.
something done or given to show thanks or respect; a payment
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
the Roman governor of Jerusalem who ordered the execution of Jesus
four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
council of nicaea
Christian council that met in 325 to determine a standard for the whole christian world.
Region in southwestern Asia that became the ancient home of the jews; the ancient Roman name for Judea;
any supernatural being worshipped as controlling aspect of life.
the sacred hebrew name for God
Place where Moses received the Ten Commandment from God.
Temporary leaders appointed by God to lead the people of Israel when enemies oppressed them.
the current capital of Israel and an ancient city that is holy to Judaism and Christianity. Many Temples built there.
empire that invaded the northern kingdom of Israel in 722BC and exiled them
jesus of nazareth
Prophet and teacher among the Jews; believed by Christians to be the messiah; executed c. 30 C.E.
The book that contains the writings or scriptures that Christians recognize as the written word of God., the sacred writings of the Christian religions
Savior sent by God
letters found in the New Testament to the early christian communities about god's revelation in Jesus Christ
the ancient region lying in western palestine. most of it is in israel: the land promised by God to Abraham
The holy book of judaism. first 5 books of the hebrew bible
To escape slavery, Moses led the Hebrews out of here. West of Israel
The promise made between the Prophet Moses and God.
Moses received 10 cmndmts
(Old Testament) the 2nd king of the Israelites. Made Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
A monumental temple built by ??? to worship the Hebrew god Yahweh. Very shiny and extravagant.
the deportation of the Jews to Babylonia by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC
disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles. first bishop of jerusalem
men who followed Jesus to share his teachings
paul of tarsus
a very important figure in the spread of Christianity after Jesus's death
A period of division within the Catholic Church from East and West with rival Popes
Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his people from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command. 1800 bce
The promise made between the Prophet Abraham and God. Abraham would stay faithful, god would protect him and his ppl through their travels
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses
(Old Testament) the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against the Philistines (drove them outtt)
an ancient kingdom of southern Palestine with Jerusalem as its center
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
Refers to the authors of the four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
the first part of the Christian Bible, telling story and ideas of Jews
A priest who supervised the christian church