Anatomy

Created by abuethe 

Upgrade to
remove ads

33 terms

abdominopelvic quadrants

right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant

abdominopelvic regions

About 9 regions describing locations in the abdominal and pubic areas of the body.Left and Right hypochondrica and epigastric, left and right lumbar and umbilical, left and right illiac and hypgastric

anatomical position

standard position in which the body is facing forward, feet are parallel, and the arms are at the sides with palms facing forward

anatomy

the study of body structure

appendicular

relating to or consisting of an appendage or appendages

atrophy

any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)

axial

situated on or along or in the direction of an axis

abdominal cavity

includes the stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine, most of large intestine, kidneys and ureters.

control center

this determines the next action in a feedback system by sending output to an effector (brain)

diaphragm

(anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

directional terms

superior
inferior
anterior
posterior
ventral
dorsal
medial
lateral
proximal
distal
superficial
deep

dissection

cutting so as to separate into pieces

effector

an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses

experimentation

the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation

feedback loop

a circuit that feeds back some of the output to the input of a system

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes

negative feedback loop

Situation in which a change in a certain direction provides information that causes a system to change less in that direction. Compare positive feedback loop.

organization (structural levels)

chemical
cellular
tissue
organ
system

physiology

processes and functions of an organism

planes of section

sagittal
midsagittal
frontal
transverse

positive feedback loop

Situation in which a change in a certain direction provides information that causes a system to change further in the same direction. Compare negative feedback loop.

prone

lying face downward

supine

lying face upward

theory (law)

in that a law is an analytic statement, usually with an empirically determined constant. A theory may contain a set of laws, or a theory may be implied from an empirically determined law.

sensor

any device that receives a signal or stimulus (as heat or pressure or light or motion etc.) and responds to it in a distinctive manner

cranial cavity

the cavity enclosed by the cranium

dorsal cavity

Contains the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal; brain and spinal cord.

mediastinum

the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus

pelvic cavity

contains the reproductive organs and urinary bladder.

pleural cavity

the cavity in the thorax that contains the lungs

spinal cavity

contains the spinal cord

thoracic cavity

the cavity in the vertebrate body enclosed by the ribs between the diaphragm and the neck and containing the lungs and heart

ventral cavity

includes the front of the body (thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set