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Features of weather include all of the following except

ozone concentration

Climate is the general pattern of weather over a period of

years

The two most important factors in climate are

temperature and precipitation

Climate is influenced by

All of these answers

The term greenhouse effect

describes the trapping of heat energy in the troposphere by certain gaseous molecules

The rain shadow effect refers to

drier conditions on the leeward side of mountain ranges

Microclimates are least likely to be produced by

flat plains

Which of the following microclimate effects is incorrectly described?

Cities tend to have lower temperatures and higher wind speeds than the surrounding countryside

The most important factor in determining which biome is found in a particular area is

climate

Large ecological regions with characteristic types of natural, undisturbed ecological communities are called

biomes

Generally, the limiting factor that controls the vegetative character of a biome is

precipitation

Climate and vegetation vary with

latitude and altitude

Which of the following are examples of deciduous plants?

maples and oaks

Which of the following are examples of evergreen plants?

pines and cedars

Succulent plants are most likely to be found in

deserts

Nights in deserts are cold because

there is a poor insulating effect from the desert's dry air

Humans impact the world's forests by

All of the above

The majority of earthquakes and volcanoes occur

along the edge of continents

The theory of plate tectonics explains

All of these answers

Tectonic plates move apart in opposite directions at a(an)

divergent plate boundary

Tectonic plates move in opposite but parallel directions along a fault at a(an)

transform fault

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a mineral?

organic

Lava is an example of ____ rock.

igneous

The change of rocks from one type to another is known as

the rock cycle

Which of the following rocks is most likely to be formed from compacted shells and skeletons?

limestone

Which of the following rocks is most likely to be formed from compacted plant remains?

coal

Lignite and bituminous coal are ____ rocks

sedimentary

Slate, anthracite, and marble are ____ rocks

metamorphic

Which of the following terms includes the others?

mineral resources

Extracting, processing, and using mineral resources

All of these answers

Mining can cause

All of these answers

Acid mine drainage

may contaminate groundwater

Waste soil and rock removed during surface mining is called

spoil

The fraction of the ore containing waste minerals is called the

gangue

When ore undergoes processing, a waste called ____ is produced

tailings

Environmental impact would be greatest mining for ____ ore

a low-grade

Nodules of ____ are found on the floor of the deep ocean

manganese

One reason manganese-rich nodules are an attractive resource is that

they contain several other important minerals

When a resource has been economically depleted, we can

All of these answers

Depletion time is the time it takes to use up about ____% of the mineral reserves at a given rate.

80

A depletion curve is typically used to

project the depletion time for a resource

High-strength plastics and composite materials strengthened by carbon and glass fibers are advantageous because they are

All of these answers

Recycling aluminum beverage cans and scrap aluminum produces ____% less energy than mining and processing aluminum ore

95

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