Patron of song, poetry, and drama. God of fertility. Cults dedicated to him performed activities such as going on hysterical rampages, ritual sacrifice, having orgies, and getting drunk. Greek Drama began as a religious observance in honor of him.
Great Dionysian Festival
A religious feast in the spring, main attraction was theater, included exultation of the soul, dancing and screaming
First to use these was Thespis and later Sophecles. Only men.
Greek Actor's Mask
Most important part of the actor's costume. They were simple and personalized to the character. They were also used as amplifyers
"Inventor of tragedy" created actors and dialogue, invented masks and costumes. He was a poet, playwright, and chorus leader.
"dancing space," performance area, alter for Dionysus.
"tent" backdrop for orchestra, scenery, raised 2-3 steps above orchestra, a room for hiding props and changing. 1-3 doors/exits
Wealthy patrons who supervised and financed the plays. Tragedies were usually more expensive for these people.
Great, famous author, considered the height of Greek tragedy. Held the jobs of soldier, general, and government official in his life. Built his stories on dramatic irony. Hated arrogance, common theme of his was to accept your fate.
These people sung, read, and told the plays before actors. Remained as omniscent narrators of plays with actors.
Spoken by chorus, moral of the story/words of wisdom used for closure
Spoken by chorus, setting up the scene/words of wisdom used for introduction
Ode of entry, first scene, chorus performs
Final scene of play before he epilogue
Strophe and Antistrophe
The two parts of a choral ode in classical greek drama, sung while movement is executed, chorus sings while moving east to west deciding on two sides of an issue.
A fundamentally decent guy who undergoes a change of fortune due to one flaw
Tragic Flaw (Hamartia)
The reason a tragic hero falls, it is some weakness of character, some moral blindness, or some error.
A hero's pursuit of excellence
ruin, delusion. The reckless behavior that causes the hero's death or downfall
Ascension to god-like status, enlightenment from the tragic hero cycle, wisdom gained makes one all knowing.
Tragic Hero Cycle
A change for ignorance to awareness
The change in fortune that the tragic hero experiences from the beginning of the play to the end. OR when a situation seems to be developing in one direction then suddenly "reverses" into another.
Pity. A plot with tragic reversal and anagnoresis best arouses pity and fear in the audience. This is the quality of evoking pity in the audience.
By raising the emotions of the audience, tragedy purges the audience of negative emotions. This is what the resulting "purification" is known as.
Oracle of Delphi
The most important shrine in Greece. It was thought of as the center of the universe. Apollo's spirit inhabited this, people came to ask the pythea about the future.
Where Oedipus grew up, where he thought he was born. It is about 50 miles west of Athens.
The town Oedipus was king of, the town he was actually born in. Northwest of Athens, largest city of the region
Sophocles built Oedipus on this, it is when the audience knows something that the character doesn't.