European English History. McCarthy.

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These are the 50 european history notecards for the 2011 midterm. AP literature. Thanks, Mr. McCarthy.

Hadrian

Said "Tear down that wall!"

Edward the Confessor

pious king whose death leads to the Norman Invasion

John I

forced by his barons to sign the Magna Carta

Britons

Celtic tribe that settled in South england

Cymry

Celtic tribe that settled in Wales

Wars of the Roses

jousting between the Yorks and the Lancasters

Kenning

a name for a commonly used Anglo-Saxon metaphor

Lancelot

most skilled of the Knights of the Round Table. Lover of Guinevere

Picts

Celtic tribe that settled in Scotland

Geoffrey Chaucer

his Canterbury Tales marks the birth of truly English literature

Richard I

also known as Coeur de Lion

Claudius

Roman Emperor who successfully invaded England in 1st Century

Angevin Dynasty

name given to the descendants of Geoffrey of Anjou

Jutes

the 3rd of the Germanic tribes that invaded England after the Romans left

Thomas Becket

there is no doubt this guy had brains-it is just sad where they ended up

Sussex

an abbreviation for the kingdom of South Saxons

Julius Caesar

the Roman general who unsuccessfully invaded Britannia c. 55BCE

Gaels

the Celtic tribe that settled in present day Ireland

William the Bastard

Duke of Normandy whose invasion made English history

Duke of Cornwall

Uther Pendragon's great rival

Guinevere

Arthur's adulterous queen

William Caxton

the first English printer (as in "owned and ran a printing press")

Mordred

Arthur's illegitimate son and mortal enemy

Sir Thomas Malory

Authored "Le morte d'Arthur"

Henry II

the father of the Common Law

Igraine

She is Arthur's mother

Boccaccio

Italian writer whose Decameron inspired Chaucer

Harald Hardrada

Scandinvaian warlord defeated by Harold Godwineson

Nowell Codex

the oldest known copy of the Beowulf manuscript

Caesura

a pause in the middle of a line of poetry

Edward Longshanks

Hammer of the Scots, but Expeller of the Jews

Venerable Bede

wrote An Ecclesiastical History of the English People

Henry VII

founded the Tudor dynasty ushered in the English Renaissance

Geoffrey of Monmouth

English quasi-historian who wrote Historia Regum Britanniae

Chretien de Troyes

French Romance writer who popularized the Arthurian legends

Hastings

Site of the Conqueror's greatest victory

Alfred the Great

Saxon king who held off the expansion of vikings

Merlin

magician who aids both Uther and Arthur

Morgan le Fay

Arthur's half sister

Bosworth Field

Site of the Climactic battle of the Wars of the Roses

Excalibur

the famous sword in the stone from the Lady of the Lake

Harold Godwineson

Lost England to the French at Hastings

Richard III

last king of the Angevin/Planagenet Dynasty

Domesday Book

William's famous census for taxation purposes

Uther Pendragon

Father of Arthur

Romance

name given to the tales of kings and ladies

Danelaw

the part of England dominated by the vikings at the time of Alfred

Scop

the name given to the storyteller/bard in Anglo-Saxon times

Oral tradition

refers to the memorized poems and stories of a culture

Wessex

an abbreviation for the kingdom of the west Saxons

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