Vocabulary terms associated with organic chemistry
study of compounds found in living organisms that conatin both carbon and hydrogen
4 organic macromolecules
carbohydrate, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
carbon has ____ valence electrons
transports materials into and out of the cell
carries the instructions to build proteins
a macromolecule that provides energy and is made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio
several single sugars that are joined together (complex carbohydrate)
macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes
have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms; NO carbon-carbon double bonds
contain atlest one carbon-carbon double bond; liquid at room temperature
a main component of the cell membrane
lipids that act as chemical messengers
essential fatty acids
lipids that are needed by the body and are acquired from the food we eat
monomers or building blocks of proteins
the part of the amino acid that varies
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; serve as structural components, enzymes, and antibodies
macromolecules that contain, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous
contains the sugar deoxyribose and stores genetic information
contains the sugar ribose and carries out protein synthesis
four nitrogen bases in DNA
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
four nitrogen bases in RNA
adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil
monomer of nucleic acids
parts of a nucleotide
5 carbon sugar, nitrogen base, and a phophate group
glycerol and fatty acids
single sugar produced during photosynthesis
animal starch that is stored in the liver
starch that is stored in the cell wall of plants
compounds that DO NOT contain carbon and hydrogen
What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?
Saturated fats have NO carbon-carbon double bonds and unsaturated fats have al least one.
What type of bonds do Organic Compounds contain?
Why is Carbon able to interact with so many elements?
It has 4 valence electrons.
What is the basic unit (monomer) of cellulose and glycogen?
What is produced during photosynthesis?
What two macromolecules help store energy?
carbohydrates and lipids
main componenet of the cell membrane