inauguration

ceremony in which the President officially takes the oath of office

precedent

an act or decision that sets the example for others to follow.

Cabinet

group of officials who head government departments and advise the President

Judiciary Act

1789 law that created the structure of the Supreme Court and set up a system of district and circuit courts

national debt

total amount that a government owes to others

bond

certificate that promises to repay money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date

speculator

one who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit

Bank of the United States

bank set up in 1791 - holds government deposits, issues paper $, pays government bills, makes loans to farmers and businesses

tariff

tax on foreign goods brought in to a country

Whiskey Rebellion

1794 protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S.

French Revolution

1789 rebellion that ended the French monarchy for a time.

foreign policy

actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations

neutral

not taking sides in a conflict

Neutrality Proclamation

1793 statement by President that the U.S. would not support either Britain or France in their conflict

Jay's Treaty

1795 agreement between Britain and U.S. over forts, ships and debts owed to British merchants

Farewell Address

final official speech of Presidents as they leave office

faction

opposing group within a party

unconstitutional

not allowed under the Constitution

Democratic Republican

Supporters of Thomas Jefferson; those who favored a decentralized government

Federalist

those who wanted a strong national government

XYZ Affair

1797 French attempt to bribe the U.S. over negotiations for seized ships.

frigate

fast sailing gun ship

Alien and Sedition acts

1798 laws that allowed foreigners to be expelled, made it harder for them to become citizens and made it possible to jail or fine citizens who criticize the government

sedition

stirring up rebellion against a government

nullify

to cancel

Kentucky and Virginia resolutions

declarations that claimed each state had a right to decide if federal laws are constitutional and to nullify them within the state

states' rights

the right of states to limit the power of the federal government

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set