soilderswho rode horses or camels, to make swift attacks
yearly payments to the emperor
a person who others believe speaks or writes with divine
belief in two gods
built the Persian Empire
a succesful organizer
began the religion called Zaroastrianism
murder for a political reason
time of important change
people who teach about their religion
numbers 1-9 and zero
giving a person some type of medicine help them not get a disease
a harsh ruler who united India and formed the Maurya Empire
followed the teachings of Buddha
warriors and herders from eastern Europe and western Asia who came to India about 3,00 years ago
ancient books of sacred hindu writings
an Indian religion featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
a group within a social pyramid
an Asian religion based on the teachings of Siddartha and Gautama who became a buddha
Priests and scholars
rulers and warriors
Farmers and merchants
laborers, craftworkers, servants
did unpleasant jobs; picked up garbage, cleaned stables, and handled the dead
the season when moist winds blowing from the Indian ocean toward the Indian subcontinent bring heavy rains
Indus and Ganges
the two great rivers of the Indian subcontinent
north of the Indian's subcontinent
Indian's holiest river
the largest river in India
the god of thunderstorms
A large area of land that is part of a continent but separated by geography (like a large mountain range).
The season when moist wind blowing from the Indian Ocean toward the Indian subcontinent bringing heavy rains.
The widespread cutting down of trees. Most of Northern India's forests have been cut down.
India's holiest river.
Air is thinner and cooler here than at lower elevations.
Continuous rain for 4 months every year on the Indian subcontinent.
These mountains form a natural barrier between the subcontinent and the rest of Asia.
The river plain that surrounds the Indus River.
Worlds Tallest Mountains
Cotton and Sesame Seeds
What farmers planted just before the Monsoon Season.
Barley and Wheat
What farmers planter during the Winter.
A building designed to protect a city or army.
A written message.
To accept into the general population of another culture.
Why Aryans left Central Asia
Changes in the environment or an invasion may have been the cause.
Where Aryans came from:
Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
The earliest immigrants to India. These people changed the language and religion of India. Means "noble."
The Aryan language which influenced the development of languages that continue to be spoken in India.
The Aryans' holiest book, written in Sanskrit, 4 books of sacred writings describe the Aryan religion.
The Aryans divided their society into 4 classes or varna, these social classes led to India's caste system.
Who spent his life spreading the message that people should seek LOVE, TRUTH, JOY OF KNOWLEDGE and A CALM MIND.
What Gautama saw when he left the palace
An old man, a sick man and a dead body.
What Buddhists search for, this is a feeling of happiness, peace and complete understanding.
Noble Eightfold Path
Buddhists follow these eight points in their search for Nirvana.
The Aryan religion developed into this, and it is one of the oldest religions still practiced today. Believers worship 3 main gods - Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer, and that people live many lives until they reach spiritual perfection.
After a person dies, their soul lives on and returns to life in a new body. Those who lead good lives are reborn into higher social positions.
This caste was the lowest, below all other castes. These people did all of the unpleasant jobs like picking up garbage or cleaning stables.
The son of an Indian prince, this man called himself Buddha or the "Enlightened One", tried to figure out how to end suffering. Became a begger. Buddhism was formed from his teachings.