History chapter 5 Key points & vocabulary (8th/9th?)

61 terms by cdeleon 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

India and Persia

calvary

soilderswho rode horses or camels, to make swift attacks

tribute

yearly payments to the emperor

couriers

riders

prophet

a person who others believe speaks or writes with divine

Zoroastrianism

belief in two gods

Cyrus

built the Persian Empire

Darius

a succesful organizer

Zarathustra

began the religion called Zaroastrianism

rajahs

princes

assassination

murder for a political reason

turning point

time of important change

missionaries

people who teach about their religion

arabic numerals

numbers 1-9 and zero

inoculation

giving a person some type of medicine help them not get a disease

Chandragupta Maurya

a harsh ruler who united India and formed the Maurya Empire

Ashoka

followed the teachings of Buddha

aryans

warriors and herders from eastern Europe and western Asia who came to India about 3,00 years ago

vedas

ancient books of sacred hindu writings

Hinduism

an Indian religion featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation

caste

a group within a social pyramid

Buddhism

an Asian religion based on the teachings of Siddartha and Gautama who became a buddha

Hindu Kush

trade route

Brahmans

Priests and scholars

Kshatriyas

rulers and warriors

Vaisyas

Farmers and merchants

Sudras

laborers, craftworkers, servants

Untouchables

did unpleasant jobs; picked up garbage, cleaned stables, and handled the dead

monsoon

the season when moist winds blowing from the Indian ocean toward the Indian subcontinent bring heavy rains

Indus and Ganges

the two great rivers of the Indian subcontinent

Himalayas

north of the Indian's subcontinent

Ganges

Indian's holiest river

Indus

the largest river in India

Indra

the god of thunderstorms

Subcontinent

A large area of land that is part of a continent but separated by geography (like a large mountain range).

Monsoon

The season when moist wind blowing from the Indian Ocean toward the Indian subcontinent bringing heavy rains.

Deforestation

The widespread cutting down of trees. Most of Northern India's forests have been cut down.

Ganges River

India's holiest river.

Mountains/High Elevations

Air is thinner and cooler here than at lower elevations.

Monsoon Season

Continuous rain for 4 months every year on the Indian subcontinent.

The Himalayas

These mountains form a natural barrier between the subcontinent and the rest of Asia.

The Punjab

The river plain that surrounds the Indus River.

Worlds Tallest Mountains

The Himalayas

Cotton and Sesame Seeds

What farmers planted just before the Monsoon Season.

Barley and Wheat

What farmers planter during the Winter.

Fortress

A building designed to protect a city or army.

Inscription

A written message.

Assimilate

To accept into the general population of another culture.

Why Aryans left Central Asia

Changes in the environment or an invasion may have been the cause.

Where Aryans came from:

Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

The Aryans

The earliest immigrants to India. These people changed the language and religion of India. Means "noble."

Sanskrit

The Aryan language which influenced the development of languages that continue to be spoken in India.

The Vedas

The Aryans' holiest book, written in Sanskrit, 4 books of sacred writings describe the Aryan religion.

4 Castes

The Aryans divided their society into 4 classes or varna, these social classes led to India's caste system.

Buddha

Who spent his life spreading the message that people should seek LOVE, TRUTH, JOY OF KNOWLEDGE and A CALM MIND.

What Gautama saw when he left the palace

An old man, a sick man and a dead body.

Nirvana

What Buddhists search for, this is a feeling of happiness, peace and complete understanding.

Noble Eightfold Path

Buddhists follow these eight points in their search for Nirvana.

Hinduism

The Aryan religion developed into this, and it is one of the oldest religions still practiced today. Believers worship 3 main gods - Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer, and that people live many lives until they reach spiritual perfection.

Reincarnation

After a person dies, their soul lives on and returns to life in a new body. Those who lead good lives are reborn into higher social positions.

Untouchables

This caste was the lowest, below all other castes. These people did all of the unpleasant jobs like picking up garbage or cleaning stables.

Gautama

The son of an Indian prince, this man called himself Buddha or the "Enlightened One", tried to figure out how to end suffering. Became a begger. Buddhism was formed from his teachings.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set