CNA Medical Terminology

69 terms by StAliaoftheKnife 

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abdomen

area between chest and pelvis

abduction

moving arm or leg away from the body

AROM

resident can do their own range of motion exercises

adduction

moving arm or leg to the center of the body

advanced directive

living will- states wish for resuscitation, etc.

angina

chest pain because heart is deprived of oxygen

antibody

substance produced by blood that fights disease

antiseptic

cleaning that prevents growth of bacteria

aorta

large blood vessel carryin blood and oxygen away from heart

aphasia

unable to speak or understand speech

apical pulse

obtaining a pulse by listening through a stethoscope placed over the heart

arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis

deposists in blood vessels that narrow the blood vessels causing decrease in oxygen to the cells. it is a contributing cause of heart disease.

artery

blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart

asepsis

to be free of disease causing microorganisms

aspirate

inhaling food or fluid into lungs

axillary

underarm area

cataract

clouding of the lens of the eye

clean catch urine specimen

obtaining urine sample during middle of urinary stream

clinitest

measurement of glucose in urine

contracture

muscle that becomes shortened due to lack of use

cueing

to remind, prompt or talk somone through an activity

cyanosis

blue or gray color that appears on nail bed, or lips due to lack of oxygen in the blood

dangling position

resident sits with their legs over the side of the bed

dementia

impaired mental and intellectual function

diastolic blood pressure

the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart relaxes between contractions. Bottom number.

draw sheet

small sheet placed across the middle of the bed, over the bottom sheet.

dyspnea

difficult breathing

edema

fluid retention resulting in swelling

embolus

a blood clot that travels from one point and lodges in another blood vessel causing a blockage

emesis basin

small kidney shapen basin into which resident will vomit or spit

epiglottis

trap door that leads to lungs that prevents food from entering airway

esophagus

tube for passage of food, from throat into stomach

flatus

gas expelled from digestive tract

flow sheet

a form used to document resident information, such as recording ADL's or vital signs.

Foley Catheter

Catheter inserted into the bladder to drain urine

foot drop

contracture of the heel cord resulting in shortening of the muscles in the calf of the leg

force fluids

encouraging resident to take in extra fluids as ordered by the physician

Fowler's position

Sitting up in bed position with head of the bed rolled up 45 degrees

fracture pan

bedpan with a lower flat end helpful to residents who cannot move easily

gangrene

death of tissue due to poor circulation

graduate

graduated cylinder

hand roll

roll placed in the hand to prevent hand contraction

health care directives

decisions regarding end of life issues in even they are not able to make them

hemiparesis

loss of sensation on one side of the body

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

hemorrage

excessive blood loss

hemorrhoid

enlarged vein in rectum that causes pain and bleeding

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

homeostasis

balance of all body functions within normal limits

impaction

very hard stool that does not move

indwelling catheter

a tube that is put into the bladder to drain urine

intake and output (I&O)

amount of fluid taken in and put out

inspiration

drawing in air

integument

skin

logroll

turning resident to one side keeping head and back in a straight line

meatus

opening from exterior of body into urinary tract

medical asepsis

techniques and procedures to decrease the spread of pathogens

metastasis

spread of cancer throughout the body

nephron

basic filtering unit of kidney

peristalsis

churning like motion that pushes food through the digestive tract

sputum

mucus brought up from the lungs

thrombus

blood clot

transient ischemic attack (TIA)

decreased blood flow to the brain for a short time

ureters

tubes that lead from the kidneys to the bladder

validation therapy

therapy of accepting thoughts and encouraging communication

ventilate

breathing into airway of person who is not breathing

veins

blood vessels back to heart

vomitus

emesis, substance brought up from stomach

wound drainage

fluid that comes from open area of skin

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