Alexis de Tocqueville
French philosopher who observed American culture, in Democrazy in America, he wrote of the the limitless energy of the American people; also noted that America is in constant motion
1828, published an American Dictionary of the English Language; defined thousands of words that had not been included in a dictionary before, a new American Language
the belief that the interests of the nation as a whole are to be placed above the interests of the individual states and regions
the belief that one's own region an/or state is more important than the country as a whole
The American System
proposed by Henry Clay, nationalistic domestic policy in early 1800s; looked to implement several policies to unify the ocuntry; tariff to protect American industries, sale of gov't lands to raise money for the federal gov't maintenance of a national bank, and gov't funding of internal improvements or public projects
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819; case involving the State of Maryland against the national gov't; Chief Justic John Marshall ruled in favor of national gov't; demonstrated nationalistic belief that the federal gov't is superior to the state gov'ts
Gibbons v. Odgen
1824; case involving the State of Maryland against the national gov't; Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the national gov't; demonstrated nationalistic belief that the federal gov't is superior to the state gov'ts
"Era of Good Feelings"
James Monroe's presidency (1817-1825) economy grew rapidly, nationalism and optimism was widespread, diplomatic success
1818 treaty with Britain; nearly completely disarmed the eastern part of the border between the United States with British Canada; established a firm boundary between the two along with the 49th parallel
1819 treaty with Spain; acquired Florida and established a firm boundary between the Louisiana Territory and Spanish territory to the west
1823, the policy that stated that any European attempts to colonize the Americas would be viewed as a threat; the United States will not interfere with any European affairs and it expects European countries to stay out of US affairs
1820; Missouri admitted to the Union as a slave state and Maine was admitted as a free state; kept the balance of free states v. slave states in Congress; also banned slavery in the northern part of the Louisiana territory
What were the characteristics of the new American culture?
Constant motion and change, expectations of growth, new version of the English language, new arts, and literature
How did American art and literature change in the early 1800s?
Talented artists and writers began to depict and honor American life
How did nationalism influence domestic policy?
Rulings from the Supreme Court enhanced the power of the national government and the American system goals would further unify the country
Explain the importance of the key rulings of the Marshall Court in establishing national power.
They established the power of the national gov't over the states
How did nationalism guide foreign policy?
Treaties strengthened and expanded national boundaries; the Monroe Doctrine demanded Europe cease any new colonizing activity in the Americas.
Why did the United States issue the Monroe Doctrine?
European countries were thinking about retaking control of some of their former colonies; the US did not want that to happen, had recognized the new independent countries
Explain the difference between nationalism and sectionalism.
Why was the Missouri Compromise important?
It temporarily kept the balance between slave states and free states.