Chapter 14 Stress and Health

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behavioral medicine

interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease

health psychology

subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

stress

process by which we percieve and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

general adaptation syndrome (GAS)

hans selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages alarm, resistance and exhaustion (ARE)

coronary heart disease

clogging of the vessels that nourish heart muscle; leading cause of death in many developed countries

Type a

Friedman and rosenman's term for competitive, hard driving, impatient, verbally aggressive and anger prone people

type b

friedman and rosenman's term for easy going, relaxed people

psychological illness

literally "mind body" illness; any stress related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches

hypochondriasis

misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease

lymphocytes

two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system

B lymphocytes

form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections

T lymphocytes

form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses and foreign substances

macrophage

"big eater" identifies, pursues and ingests harmful invaders

coping

alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive or behavioral methods

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

problem focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the sressor or the way we interact with that stressor

emotion focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction

aerobic exercise

sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety

biofeedback

system for electronically recording, amplifying and feeding back info regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension

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