Characteristics and behaviors considered normal for children in specific age groups.
an environment in which one has a wide variety of things to see, taste, smell, head, and touch
A chart used to record growth in a child including weight, height, and head circumfrance.
In child development, this refers to the size relationship between different parts of the body.
The use of visual cues to precive the distance of 3D characteristics of objects.
an automatic and often inborn response to a stimulus that involves a nerve impulse
Gross Motor Skills
Skills that involve the large muscles of the body, such as those of the legs, arms and torso and the ability to make large movements, such as jumping and running
Fine Motor Skills
Skills that involve the smaller muscles of the body, such as those in the fingers where small, precise movements, such as using scissors or writing, are required
the ability to move hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen
substances produced by the body to prevent disease
the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, overnutrition, or any nutrient deficiency
Shaken Baby Syndrome
a life-threatening condition that occurs when an infant is forcefully shaken back and forth rupturing blood vessels in the brain and breaking neural connections
the act of substituting other food for the mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal
a skin condition that commonly affects the scalp of young babies, causing scaling and flaking.
patches of rough, irritated skin in the diaper area
when a baby begins cutting his or her primary teeth
protection of individuals or groups from a specific diseases by vaccination or the injection of immune globulins
immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
a developmental process that refers to the ability to experience, express, and control emotions
development, with age, of increasingly sophisticated understandings of other people and of society as a whole, as well as increasingly effective interpersonal skills and more internalized standards for behavior
an emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation
Failure To Thrive
a condition in which the baby does not grow and develop properly
A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity.
acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
an abnormal backward flow of body fluids
the fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age
A comfortable space with no dangers and with toys that are safe and interesting
Cause and Effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
bundle of nerve cells that follow generally the same route and employ the same neurotransmitter
the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the gray matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron
transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
becoming aware of something via the senses
the length of time you can concentrate on some idea or activity
In Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from birth to about 2 years, in which the child has not yet achieved object permanence.
the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived
creating worlds of mind alone and with others.
when someone sees things in relation to other things and as having meaning at many levels
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people