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immigration

the movement of people into one country from another

Native American

North America's first immigrant, who probably moved into the region from Asia thousands of years ago

Sunbelt

mild climate region, southern United States

urbanization

the movement of people from rural areas into cities

metropolitan area

region that includes a central city and its surrounding suburbs

suburb

outlying communities around a city

megalopolis

a "super-city" that is made up of several large and small cities such as the area between Boston and Washington, D.C.

mobility

able to move from place to place

republic

form of government without a monarch in which people elect their officials

Underground Railroad

an informal network of safe-houses, in the United States, that helped thousands of enslaved people escape to freedom

dry farming

farming method used in dry regions in which land is plowed and planted deeply to hold water in the soil

Constitution

plan of government made for the United States

amendment

in U.S. history, official changes made to the Constitution

Bill of Rights

the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution

cabinet

heads of departments in the U.S. government who advise the president

dominion

a partially self-governing country with close ties to another country

Parliament

in Canada, national legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Commons

bilingual

speaking or using two languages

jazz

musical form that developed in the United States in the early 1900s, blending African rhythms and European harmonies

socioeconomic status

level of income and education

literacy rate

the percentage of people in a given place who can read and write

patriotism

love for or devotion to one's country

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