Seven Year's War
(1756-1763) precipitated by Fredrick II, he invaded saxony, this created a destructive alliance, the 7 yrs. war begins. French monarchy emerged from this defeated and in debt.
French regional courts dominated by hereditary nobility. The most important was the parliament of Paris, which claimed the right royal decrees before they became law.
Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715)
After he died the aristocracy sought to reclaim parts of the influence it had lost.
was regarded by most Britain's as having a model character, and as seeking economic improvement of the nation.
The royal tax on salt in France.
The French labor tax requiring peasants to work on roads, bridges, and canals.
The medieval French parliament. It consisted of 3 separate groups, or "estates": clergy, nobility, and commoners. It last met in 1789 at the outbreak of the French Revolution
voluntary contribution paid to the government in place of taxes.
The Estates General, after the 3 groups began to clash the 3rd group broke away.
Branch of the French Estates General representing all of the kingdom outside the nobility and the clergy.
Cahires de Doleances
meaning "list of grievances". Petitions for reforms submitted to the French crown when the Estates General met in 1789
Tennis Court Oath
National Assembly was locked out of normal meeting place, they moved to a nearby tennis court. They took an oath to continue to sit until they had given France a constitution.
large crowds of Parisians marched to the Bastille to get weapons for the militia.
called by the militia of Paris, offered its command to a young liberal aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette.
days on which the populace of Paris redirected the course of the Revolution.
peasant disturbances intensify in the countryside as the aristocrats land is taken over.
the destruction of legal records, and documents, and the refusal to pay feudal dues.
Declaration to the Right of Man and Citizen (8-27-1789)
drew on the political language of the Enlightenment and the Declaration of Rights. Proclaimed all men equal.
Parisian Women's March
Oct. 5, 7000 parisian women marched to Versailles demanding bread.
Constitution of 1791
National Constituent Assembly established a constitutional monarchy. Major political authority was a unicameral Legislative Assembly.
National Constituent Assembly
applied the rational spirit of the Enlightenment. Abolished French provinces, established Departements.
Declaration of the rights of women
basically reprint of the Declaration of the rights of man and citizen, adding women to the various clauses.
established by the Assembly to provide the nation with uniform weights and measures.
forbade workers' associations
Civil constitution of the Clergy
transformed the Roman Catholic Church in France in to a branch of the secular state
French aristocrats who fled France during the Revolution.
The radical republican party during the French Revolution that displaced the Girondins.
Group of Jacobins that assumed leadership of the assembly.
The September Massacre
Paris Commune summarily executed about 1200 people who were in city jails
French radical legislative body from 1792-1794
meaning without kneebreeches. The lower middle class, and artisans of paris during the french revolution.
Reign of Terror
The period between the summer of 1793 and the end of July 1794 when the French revolutionary state used extensive execution and violence to defend the revolution and supress its alleged internal enemies.
Committee of Public Safety
carried out the executive duties of the government
Levee en masse
the french revolutionary conscription of all males into the army and the harnessing of the economy for war production.
Republic of Virtue
civic virtue would replace personal self-intrest and the good of the republic would replace private good.
dominant figure of the National Assembly, had support of Sans-culottes, called for an assault on all enemies of the revolution.
-influence of wealthy middle class and professional people replaces Sans-culottes.
-the committee of public safety diminished
-Law of 22 prairial replaced
-Jacobin leaders executed