Primary Economic activity
involves products closest to the ground (ie. ranching, hunting and gathering, fishing, and mining)
Secondary economic activity
Activity that takes the primary product and manufactures it into processed foods, machines, or chemicals.
tertiary economic activity
part of the service industry, connects producers to consumers and facilitates commerce and trade.
Quaternary economic activity
an economic activity that focuses on the acquisition processing and sharing information such as education or research
Quinary economic activity
dividing an economic activity into a tied higher research or education
crops that are reproduced by cultivating either the roots or cuttings from the plants
crop that is reproduced by cultivating the seeds of the plants
farming to grow enough food for survival
A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
slash and burn
Cutting down vegetation then burning it to create fine soil to grow crops
first agricultural revolution
dating back 10,000 years, the First Agricultural Revolution achieved plant domestication and animal domestication
second agricultural revolution
tools and equipment were modified, methods of soil preparation, fertilization, crop care, and harvesting improved the general organization of agriculture made more efficient
the use of special seeds, irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides to produce high crop yields and food production and GMOs
The growing of crops for sale-farms are large and use modern technolgy
Alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employers to pay workers fair wages, permit union organizing, and comply with minimum environmental and safety standards
system of farming in which works land for an owner who provides equipment and seeds and receives a share of the crop
practice of growing many crops together in the same field
(part of 1st agricultural rev.) deliberate tending of crops to gain certain desired attributes; began around 12,000 years ago along several fertile river valleys and cultural hearths.
When animals are tamed and used for food and profit.
township- and- range system
rectangular land division scheme designed by thomas jeffereson to disperse settlers evenly across farmlands of the US interior
metes and bounds survey
adopted along eastern seaboard> natural features were usede to demarcate irregular parecels of land. such as streams and tree. US dropped this technique.
longslot survey system
divides land into narrow parcels stretching back from rivers, roads, or canals-found in canadian maritimes & Quebec a remnant of french rule; France (mostly found in Lousiana)
the state of being the firstborn; also, an exclusive right of inheritance that belongs to the eldest son.
when individual houses or farmhouses lie far apart from each other. more machine than hand
Houses are grouped close together.
circular village with central cattel corral
village walled in to hide from enemies
grid pattern village
Production system based on a large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop
non subsistence crops such as tea, cacao, coffe, and tobacco
the raising of domesticated animals for the produciton of meat and byproducts (leather, wool)
specialized farming that occurs only in areas where the dry summer Mediterranean climate prevails (grapes, olives, figs, citrus, fruits, dates, et al0
A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
Made a model of concentric rings that shows where different types of agriculture should be like ranching or dairy.
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
non- renewable resources
resources such as fossil fuels, which can not be made again.