Executive Branch of Government
Executive Branch: Headed by the president. The president carries out federal laws and recommends new ones, directs national defense and foreign policy, and performs ceremonial duties. Powers include directing government, commanding the Armed Forces, dealing with international powers, acting as chief law enforcement officer, and vetoing laws.
Legislative Branch: Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).
*Legislative laws are statutes, a formal written enactment, commanding or prohibiting something.
Judicial Branch: Headed by the Supreme Court. Its powers include interpreting the Constitution, reviewing laws, and deciding cases involving states' rights.
*Establishes laws based on legal cases.
Breach of Duty
When looking at negligence cases, there are general 4 factors that need to be considered...proximate causation, damages, actual cause, and breach of duty.
*Breach of duty indcates that the plantiff can show what actually happened and that the defendant acted unreasonably.