Basic Cell Structure and Their Functions

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These are the basic cell parts and functions.

Nucleus

a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction

Cell Membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell

Nucleolus

The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus (contains RNA)

Nuclear Envelope

surrounds and protects the nucleus

Cytoplasm

jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended; separates nucleus from cells; aids in cell movement and shape of cell

Mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell, converts nutrients into energy

Vaculole

regulates amount of pressure in the cell, stores nutrients, waste products and water with out it the cell would dry out.

Chloroplast

Converts energy from the sun into chemical energy through photsynthesis

Ribosomes

Found on rough ER and throughout cytoplasm; synthesizes proteins

Lysosomes

Organelle containing digestive enzymes

Golgi Apparatus

stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum

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