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Charlemagne

Charles the Great, 46 year reign, fought Muslims in Spain, Saxons, etc. Became emperor of the Romans.

feudalism

a loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords

vassals

lesser lords

feudal contracts

the exchange of pledges between lords and vassals to establish a relationship

fief

an estate

knight

mounted warrior

tournament

mock battles

chivalry

the knights' code of conduct

Troubadours

wandering poets

manor

lord's estate

serfs

peasants

Clovis

King of the Franks, conquered Gaul, preserved much of Roman legacy; converted to Christianity

Islam

a religion, started in Arabia in 632 AD, Muslims are the believers or followers, created new civilization

Alcuin

respected scholar of York, created a curriculum of Latin learning, became education model

Treaty of Verdun

Made by Charlemagne's grandsons, split empire into three (3) nations

Vikings

Destroyed last part of Empire, were great traders and voyagers.

Medieval

Latin for middle age

frontier

a sparsely populated, undeveloped area on the outskirts of a civilization

Missi Dominici

the officials who would check on roads, listen & take care of justice

curriculum

formal course of study

1. Monarchy, 2. Nobles, 3. Vassals, 4. Knights, 5. serfs

"pyramid hierarchy" picture of triangle

knighthood

orignially any man could be a knight / price of armour high, only nobles could afford / wore armour / horse killed knight is defenseless / loyal to church, fair to all, protected women & helpless / a "fallen knight" is one who broke chivalry rules

becoming a knight

PAGE (7) lessons, exercises, wentto battles to watch / SQUIRE (14) training hard 3-days without food, 1-day without water, 24-hours without sleep, battles = fighting / KNIGHT (21) bathed, large party

Heraldry & Coat of Arms

Made by Heralds, for nobles, vassals

500 AD - 1500 AD

Middle Ages

Barbarians

Rome's name for the waves of invaders, intruders

Dark Ages

early era of Middle Ages

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