What effects did the arrival of Europeans have on Native Americans?
DISEASES KILLED OFF MOST OF THEM
What was mercantilism?
THE THEORY THAT STAES THAT A COUNTRY SHOULD TRY TO OBTAIN COLONIES IN ORDER TO HAVE A FAVORABLE BALANCE OF TRADE. (THEY SHOULD TRY AND GET AS MANY COLONIES AS THEY CAN TO GET MORE TRADE?)
How did mercantilism encourage the acquisition of colonies by European countries?
IN ORDER TO MAKE MONEY THEY NEED NEW RESOURCES AND PRODUCTS.
Describe the colonies. Were they all alike in the types of people and government they had? Were they all established for the same reasons?
THE COLONIES WERE A COLLECTION OF SEPARATE COLONIES, THEY WERE NOT UNITED.
Explain the British policy of salutary neglect.
THEY LEFT COLONIES ALONE, THEY IGNORED SOME OF THEIR OWN LAWS AND ALLOWED US TO DO OUR OWN THING (NOT TAXING COLONIES, NOT CHARGING SHIPPING.)
How did the British policy of salutary neglect help prepare the colonies for independence?
IT ENCOURAGED THE COLONIES TO GOVERN THEMSELVES. THEY WERE ALREADY INDEPENDENT AND GOVERNING THEMSELVES.
How did the French and Indian War begin?
FIGHT OVER LAND IN THE OHIO RIVER VALLEY.
Why did the Native Americans support the French in the war?
THEY HAD TRADE AGREEMENTS WITH THE FRENCH. THE FRENCH WERE LESS LIKELY TO DISRUPT THEIR LIFE AND THEIR WAY OF LIFE.
What changed about British policy to the colonies after the French and Indian War?
THEY WANTED THE COLONISTS TO HELP PAY OFF THEIR WAR DEPT SO THEY STARTED CHARGING THEM TAXES.
Describe differences between the Northern and Southern colonies.
THE SOUTHERN COLONIES WERE RULED BY THE LARGE PLANTATION OWNERS (AGRI.). THE NORTH IT WAS MANUFACTURING AND TRADE MIXED TOGETHER (TRADE.)
Why did the Proclamation of 1763 anger the colonists?
THEY COULDN'T GO WEST OF THE APPALACHIANS.
What was the purpose of the Navigation Acts?
TO RESTRICT COLONIAL TRADE.
Who was the author of Common Sense and what did it promote?
PRO INDEPENDENCE WRITTEN BY THOMAS PAINE.
What were the Sons of Liberty and who led them?
STARTED BY SAM ADAMS. GROUP OF REVOLUTIONARIES.
What ideas are contained in the Declaration of Independence?
LIFE, LIBERY AND THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. THE IDEA THAT WE WANTED TO BE INDEPENDENT. AND A LIST OF COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE KING.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
From what earlier English writer were several of the ideas taken in the Declaration of Independence?
What advantages did the colonists have at the beginning of the Revolution?
DEFENDING THEIR OWN LAND AND THEY WERE MOTIVATED.
What factors helped the colonists win the Revolution?
GEORGE WASHINGTON. THE SOLDIERS WERE MOTIVATED. THEY WERE DEFENDING THEIR OWN LAND.
How did women help support the Revolution?
BOYCOTTED BRITISH PRODUCTS.
Identify the role of John Hancock in the Revolution
HELPDE TO PAY FOR MOST THINGS. PROVIDED $. ONE OF THE SIGNERS OF THE DOI.
Marquis de Lafayette
HELPED TO TRAIN TROOPS. MILITARY STRATEGY.
LEADER OF THE COLONIAL ARMY. HELPED US WIN INDEPENDENCE.
A FAMOUS INVENTOR, PHILOSOPHER, STATESMAN
King George III
KING OF ENGLAND.
WROTE THE DOI
IN THE SONS OF LIBERTY.
What is federalism
THE DIVISION OF POWER BETWEEN NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT.
What did the Federalists want?
STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT.
What qualifications must the President meet?
35 YEARS OLD, NATURAL BORN CITIZEN, LIVING IN THE US FOR 14 YEARS.
What powers does the President have?
APPOINT FEDERAL JUDGES, VETO BILLS, PARDON CRIMINALS.
What is the main purpose of each branch of government:
LEG- MAKE LAWS
JUD- INTERPRET LAWS
What type of government is the United States?
REPRESENTATIVE GOVT (REPUBLIC)
How long is the term of each of the following:
President, Senator, Rep, SC Justice
4 years, 6 years, 2 years, life
What powers does the Senate have?
APPROVE TREATIES MADE BY THE PRESIDENT. PASS LAWS.
How many Senators are there?
2 FOR EACH STATE (100)
How many Representatives are there
How is the number of Representatives per state determined?
DETERMINED BASED ON POPULATION OF THE STATE.
How can a Presidential veto be overridden?
2/3 OF BOTH HOUSES MUST PASS IT.
What is judicial review?
COURTS CAN DECLARE LAWS UNCONSTITUTIONAL.
How can the Constitution be amended?
IN THE HANDS OF THE STATE ULTIMATELY BC THEY ARE THE ONES WHO CAN PASS THE LAWS/AMMENDMENTS. HAS TO PASS THE HOUSE AND SENATE BC THEY ARE REPS OF THE HOUSE AND THE STATE.
What rights are contained in the First Amendment?
FREEDOM OF SPEECH, PRESS, RELIGION, ASSEMBLY, PETITION.
What two people helped form the first political parties with their writings about political philosophy and viewpoints?
THOMAS JEFFERSON, ALEXANDER HAMILTON
What viewpoints did each of these leaders have?
Ham- Strong Central Gov't
Jeff- Ruled by people
What court case established judicial review
MARBURY VS MADISON.
What was significant about the Louisiana Purchase?
DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE US. GAVE ACCESS TO THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND THE PORT IN THE NEW ORLEANS. NOT EXPENSIVE...GOOD DEAL
What was the Lewis and Clark expedition
EXPLORE THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY.
What were the causes of the War of 1812?
IMPRESSMENT OF AMERICANS INTO THE BRITISH NAVY.
What was the Monroe Doctrine?
WE WOULD NO LONGER TOLERATE EUROPEANS COMING OVER AND COLONIZING IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE.
Who developed the cotton gin
What was different about the Northern and Southern economies by the 1850's?
What type of President was Andrew Jackson?
ACTED LIKE A KING, AND INCREASED EXECUTIVE POWERS.
How did Andrew Jackson change the Presidency while he was in power?
HE INCREASED THE EXECUTIVE POWER, USED THE SPOILS SYSEM.
What was the spoils system?
GAVE JOBS IN THE GOVT. TO HIS FRIENDS AND SUPPORTERS.
What was the Tariff of Abominations? Who did it help and who did it hurt?
HURT THE SOUTH AND HELPED THE NORTH. (NORTH-NEW ENGLAND STATES.)
What did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 do?
FORCED NATIVE AMERICANS WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.
What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention?
TO DEMAND EQUAL RIGHTS AS CITIZENS FOR WOMEN.
Identify what movement each of the following women were involved in:
E C Staton
Harriet Tubman - ABOLITIONIST.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - WOMENS RIGHTS.
Sojourner Truth - ABOLITIONIST.
Dorothea Dix - RIGHTS OF THE DISABLED/MENTAL INSTITUTIONS.
What was Manifest Destiny?
IDEA OF SPREADING ACROSS THE NORTHERN CONTINENT FROM NORTHERN TO PACIFIC (FROM SEA TO SHINING SEA) TAKING OVER AMERICA.
What was the result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
SET THE BOUNDARIES OF TEXAS.
What was the main motivation for settlers moving to Texas?
What resulted from the Gold Rush?
WE SETTLED THE WEST.
What motivated the Mormon migration to Utah
BECAUSE OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.
Describe the tactics used by the abolitionist movement.
-NEWSPAPERS WROTE ABOUT THE EVILS OF SLAVERY.
-MOST ABOLITIONISTS LIVED IN THE NORTH.
What characteristics did most abolitionists share?
MOST LIVED IN THE NORTH AND THEY WERE NON VIOLENT.
What were the similarities between the Missouri Compromise (1820) and the Compromise of 1850?
WERE BOTH TEMPORARY SOLUTIONS TO THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY
What was the reaction to Uncle Tom's Cabin
INCREASED ANTI SLAVERY FEELINGS.
What was the ruling by the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case?
SCOTT WAS DEAMED PROPERTY AND RETURNED TO SLAVERY
What was popular sovereignty in relation to the issue of slavery?
THE PEOPLE OF A TERRITORY GET TO VOTE WHETHER IT WILL BE SLAVE OR FREE.
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act do?
REPEALED THE COMPROMISE OF 1820 AND ALLOWED SETTLERS TO USE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY.
Why did the territory of Kansas become known as "Bleeding Kansas"?
IT WAS OVER THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY AND THEY ALLOWED POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY.
PEOPLE WENT TO SWAY THE VOTE AND VIOLENCE ERUPTED.
What was the theory of nullification?
A STATE CAN DECLARE A LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL AND REFUSE TO FOLLOW IT.
What was the main issue that prompted the formation of the Republican Party?
THE EXPANSION OF SLAVERY INTO NEW TERRITORY.
What advantages did the Confederacy have in fighting the Civil War?
THEY WERE DEFENDING THEIR LAND AND WAY OF LIFE AND THEY HAD BETTER GENERALS/MILITARY LEADERS.
What advantages did the Union have in fighting the Civil War?
MORE PEOPLE, BETTER COMMUNICATIONS, AND MORE RESOURCES.
HELPED THE UNION CONTROL THE MISSISSIPPI.
6 DAY BATTLE.
THE TURNING POINT OF THE WAR.
BLOODIEST DAY IN US HISTORY. SHORTLY AFTER THAT, LINCOLN ISSUES THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
March to the Sea
GENERAL WILLIAM TECUMSUH SHEMAN LED A GROUP OF SOLDIERS ACROSS THE SOUTH TO THE SEA LEAVING A PATH OF DESTRUCTION BEHIND HIM. (TOTAL WAR/DIVIDING CONQUER.)
Ulysses S Grant
LED THE UNION ARMY AND WAS LATER PRESIDENT.
Robert E. Lee
LED THE CONFEDERATE ARMY, LATER SURRENDERED TO GRANT AT APATOMATOX.
NURSE WHO LATER STARTED THE RED CROSS.
PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY. (SOUTH-CONFEDERATE.)
PRESIDENT OF THE UNION AND THE FIRST REPUBLICAN PRESIDENT
What was the Emancipation Proclamation
THE ONLY PEOPLE IT FREED WERE SLAVES HELD IN TERRITORIES THAT WERE STILL IN REBELLION AGAINST THE UNION.
What was the Anaconda plan?
UNIONS MILITARY STRATEGY TO SPLIT THE CONFEDERACY.
What were the aspects of President Lincoln's Reconstruction policy for the South after the Civil War
HIS PLAN WAS LENIENT. (NOT HARSH, NOT STRICT.)
10% OF VOTING POPULATION TOOK AN OATH TO THE UNION.
THE SOUTH WAS DIVIDED INTO MILITARY DISTRICTS.
What was the main purpose of the Freedman's Bureau?
TO HELP FORMER SLAVES GET JOBS AND SKILLS. AND TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR FORMER SLAVES.
What was the result of the Jim Crow laws in the South?
SEGREGATION THROUGHOUT SOCIETY. (IN THE SOUTH.)