EVERYTHING (with multiple choice): 242-300

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59 terms · i found this online. some are on the other tests, but i don't think all are.

242. English officials tried to "establish" the Church of England in as many colonies as possible because A) they were concerned about the eternal souls of the colonists. B) the church would act as a major prop for kingly authority. C) such an action would restore enthusiasm for religion. D) the American colonists supported such a move. E) such an action brought in more money to England.

B

243. In 1775, the _______________ churches were the only two established (tax-supported) churches in colonial America. A) Methodist and Anglican B) Presbyterian and Congregational C) Congregational and Anglican D) Quaker and Catholic E) Presbyterian and Anglican

C

244. Match each denomination on the left with the region where it predominated. A. Congregationalist B. Anglican C. Presbyterian 1. the frontier 2. New England 3. the South A) A-2, B-3, C-l B) A-2, B-1, C-3 C) A-1, B-3, C-2 D) A-3, B-2, C-1 E) A-3, B-1, C-2

A

245. As the Revolution approached, Presbyterian and Congregational ministers in general A) remained neutral. B) supported the Revolutionary cause. C) sided with the Anglican clergymen. D) opposed the idea of revolution. E) split on the issue of independence.

B

246. By the early eighteenth century, religion in colonial America was A) stronger than at any previous time. B) holding steadfastly to the belief that spiritual conversion was essential for church membership. C) moving away from clerical intellectualism. D) less fervid than when the colonies were established. E) becoming less tolerant.

D

247. The religious doctrine of the Armenians held that A) predestination determined a person's eternal fate. B) good works could get you into heaven. C) Calvin's ideas should be followed without question. D) emotion had no place in religion. E) individual free will determined a person's eternal fate.

E

248. Match each individual on the left with his or her talent. A. Jonathan Edwards B. Benjamin Franklin C. Phillis Wheatley 1. poet 2. scientist 3. theologian 4. portrait artist A) A-2, B-1, C-3 B) A-1, B-3, C-2 C) A-3, B- 2, C-1 D) A-1, B-2, C-3 E) A-2, B-3, C-1

C

249. The "new light" preachers of the Great Awakening A) delivered intensely emotional sermons. B) rarely addressed themselves to the matter of individual salvation. C) reinforced the established churches. D) were ultimately unsuccessful in arousing the religious enthusiasm of colonial Americans. E) opposed the emotionalism of the revivalists.

A

250. The Great Awakening A) undermined the prestige of the learned clergy in the colonies. B) split colonial churches into several competing denominations. C) led to the founding of Princeton, Dartmouth, and Rutgers colleges. D) was the first spontaneous mass movement of the American people. E) all of the above.

E

251. The time-honored English ideal, which Americans accepted for some time, regarded education as A) essential training for citizenship. B) designed for men and women. C) reserved for the aristocratic few. D) unimportant for leaders. E) designed for rich and poor alike.

C

252. In colonial America, education was most zealously promoted A) in the South. B) in New England. C) on the frontier. D) in the middle colonies. E) in those areas controlled by Spain.

B

253. Colonial schools and colleges placed their main emphasis on A) math. B) science. C) modern languages. D) literature. E) religion.

E

254. The first American college free from determined control was A) Harvard. B) Yale. C) New York University. D) Brown University. E) The University of Pennsylvania.

E

255. All of the following contributed to the lack of development of art and artists in early colonial America except A) simplicity of pioneering life. B) lack of subjects to paint. C) lack of talent among the Americans. D) lack of patrons who could afford the expensive art. E) lack of art schools in America.

C

256. Culture in colonial America A) involved heavy investment in art. B) was generally ignored and unappreciated. C) showed its native creativity in architecture. D) was always important to the colonists. E) for a long time rejected any European influence.

B

257. The person most often called the "first civilized American" was A) Thomas Jefferson. B) John Trumball. C) John Winthrop. D) Phillis Wheatley. E) Benjamin Franklin.

E

258. All of the following are achievements of Benjamin Franklin except A) the lightning rod. B) influential poetry. C) bifocal glasses. D) a highly efficient stove. E) author of Poor Richard's Almanack.

B

259. The jury's decision in the case of John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, was significant because A) he was found guilty. B) it supported English law. C) it pointed the way to open public discussion. D) the ruling prohibited criticism of political officials. E) it allowed the press to print irresponsible criticisms of powerful people.

C

260. One political principle that colonial Americans came to cherish above most others was A) the property qualification for voting. B) one man, one vote. C) the separation of powers. D) self-taxation through representation. E) restricting the right to vote to men only.

D

261. By 1775, most governors of American colonies were A) appointed by colonial proprietors. B) appointed by the king. C) elected by popular vote. D) elected by the vote of colonial legislatures. E) appointed by the British Parliament.

B

262. Colonial legislatures were often able to bend the power of the governors to their will because A) the governors often had a greater sense of loyalty to their colony than to the king. B) the governors were usually chosen by colonial legislatures and could be removed from office by the legislatures. C) the king generally held the views of colonial legislators in higher regard than those of the governors. D) colonial legislatures controlled taxes and expenditures that paid the governors' salaries. E) of the threat of violence.

D

263. In colonial elections, A) most eligible voters zealously exercised their right to vote. B) the right to vote was reserved for property holders. C) only a small landed elite had the right to vote. D) average citizens were usually elected to office. E) true democracy had arrived.

B

264. By the mid-eighteenth century, North American colonies shared all of the following similarities except A) complete democracy. B) basically English in language. C) Protestant in religion. D) opportunity for social mobility. E) same degree of ethnic and religious toleration.

A

265. During the seventeenth century, America established the precedent of A) staying out of European wars if possible. B) relying totally on the British for defense. C) starting wars in Europe. D) being involved in every world war since 1688. E) fighting wars on both land and sea.

D

266. The soldier and explorer whose leadership earned him the title "Father of New France" was A) Samuel de Champlain. B) Robert de La Salle. C) Antoine Cadillac. D) Des Moines. E) Edward Vincennes.

A

267. France was finally able to join in the scramble for colonies in the New World as a result of the A) Protestant takeover of the French government. B) end of the religious wars. C) revocation of the Edict of Nantes. D) St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. E) Seven Years' War.

B

268. Government in New France (Canada) was A) almost completely autocratic. B) democratic. C) similar to that of the English colonies. D) noted for its trial by jury. E) free from the king's control.

A

269. Unlike the English colonies in America, in New France A) there were no popularly elected assemblies. B) the crown refused to promote the welfare of French colonization. C) the population grew very rapidly. D) no valuable resources for exploitation existed. E) the colonists practiced religious toleration.

A

270. The one valuable resource in New France was A) fish. B) gold. C) trees. D) corn. E) beavers.

E

271. The coureurs de bois were A) French soldiers. B) French boatmen. C) Catholic priests. D) French farmers. E) French fur trappers.

E

272. The population in Catholic New France grew very slowly because A) French peasants were not allowed to move. B) the Protestant Huguenots refused to move there. C) the French government was more concerned with its Caribbean island colonies. D) disease took a heavy toll on New France's inhabitants. E) of constant attacks by the Huron Indians.

D

273. The primary economic pursuit of early settlers in New France was A) farming. B) fishing. C) mining. D) fur trapping. E) rum manufacturing.

D

274. The Indians suffered from their association with the French in New France in all of the following ways except A) exclusion from the fur business. B) decimation of their numbers by the white man's diseases. C) violation of their religious beliefs. D) debauchery by the white man's alcohol. E) weakening of their traditional way of life.

A

275. The Jesuit priests, despite their initial failure in gaining converts, played a vital role because A) of the many converts to Catholicism. B) of the health care. C) they made peace with the Indians. D) they encouraged the Indians to participate in the fur trade. E) of their exploration and work as geographers.

E

276. The French wanted to control Louisiana because they A) liked its climate. B) wanted to keep the area unfortified. C) would then control the mouth of the Mississippi. D) feared Dutch expansion into the territory. E) saw it as a dumping ground for undesirables.

C

277. French motives in the New World included the desire to A) establish agricultural communities to produce profitable staple crops. B) convert Indians to Protestantism. C) compete with Spain for an empire in America. D) provide a place for French religious dissenters to settle. E) compete with Portugal for an empire in America.

C

278. The early wars between France and Britain in North America were notable for the A) large number of troops committed by both sides. B) lack of Indian participation. C) carry over of European tactics to America. D) use of primitive guerrilla warfare. E) all of the above.

D

279. During a generation of peace following the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, Britain provided its American colonies with A) a large military presence for protection. B) decades of salutary neglect. C) higher taxes passed by Parliament. D) stronger parliamentary direction. E) all of the above.

B

280. The War of Jenkins's Ear was A) fought in European waters. B) a great victory for Spain. C) confined to the Caribbean Sea and Georgia . D) the event that established the policy of salutary neglect. E) a defeat for France.

C

281. The War of Jenkins's Ear resulted in A) France allying itself with Britain. B) British troops being involved in every territory in North America. C) France losing its vast holdings in North America. D) the colony of Georgia fighting the Spanish to a standstill. E) all of the above.

B

282. New England colonists were outraged when British diplomats returned _______________ to France in 1748. A) Hudson Bay B) Acadia C) Louisbourg D) Newfoundland E) Nova Scotia

C

283. The clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of A) Cape Breton Island. B) the Ohio River Valley. C) the Mississippi River. D) the Great Lakes. E) the St. Lawrence River.

B

284. The reason France needed to control the Ohio Valley was to A) stop Spain from extending its empire. B) help win the War of Jenkins's Ear. C) stop the Indian attacks on its outposts. D) link its Canadian holdings with those of the lower Mississippi Valley. E) be able to put more of its settlers there in order to increase farm production.

D

285. In his first military command in the French and Indian War, George Washington A) won a decisive and hard fought battle at Fort Duquesne. B) was defeated at Fort Necessity but was allowed to retreat. C) received strong support from the British. D) helped to force the French out of Nova Scotia. E) turned his twenty years of military experience to great success.

B

286. The Seven Years' War was also known in America as A) the War of Jenkins's Ear. B) the French and Indian War. C) the War of Austrian Succession. D) King William's War. E) Queen Anne's War.

B

287. In the colonial wars before 1754, Americans A) functioned as a unified fighting force. B) received more support from France than Britain. C) demonstrated an astonishing lack of unity. D) were not involved in combat. E) rarely involved Indians in the fighting.

C

288. The immediate purpose of the Albany Congress of 1754 was to A) request the help of the British military. B) keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British. C) prevent the French from attacking American outposts. D) support George Washington's desire to head the colonial militia. E) block British efforts to take control of New York City.

B

289. Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the Seven Years' War A) won the British territorial concessions. B) united British colonists in strong support of the mother country. C) was fought initially on the North American continent. D) did not affect American colonists' attitudes toward England. E) resulted in a stronger French presence in North America.

C

290. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity; (B) General Edward Braddock is defeated near Fort Duquesne; (C) British troops capture Louisbourg in their first significant victory of the French and Indian War; (D) General James Wolfe's army defeats Montcalm's on the Plains of Abraham. (A) B, A, D, C (B) A, B, C, D (C) C, B, A, D (D) A, C, B, D (E) A, B, D, C

B

291. The long-range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to A) achieve colonial unity and common defense against the French threat. B) propose independence of the colonies from Britain. C) declare war on the Iroquois tribe. D) prohibit New England and New York from trading with the French West Indies. E) gain peace with France.

A

292. Benjamin Franklin's plan for colonial home rule was rejected by the individual colonies because A) it did not provide for the common defense. B) the British approved it. C) it did not seem to give enough independence to the colonies. D) they did not feel that they had been well represented at the Albany Congress. E) it placed too much power in the hands of local governments.

C

293. As a result of General Braddock's defeat a few miles from Fort Duquesne, A) the British controlled the frontier. B) George Washington was left without a military command. C) the frontier from Pennsylvania to North Carolina was open to Indian attack. D) General Braddock was forced to leave the military. E) the British called off their planned invasion of Canada.

C

294. The British invasion of Canada in 1756 during the Seven Years' War A) resulted in victory for Britain. B) concentrated on Quebec and Montreal. C) followed sound strategic planning. D) ended in defeat. E) resulted in British control of the St. Lawrence River.

D

295. When William Pitt became prime minister during the Seven Years' War, he A) ended Parliament's practice of reimbursing the colonies for their war-related expenditures. B) ordered a full-scale assault on the French West Indies. C) relied heavily on the older, more cautious generals in the British Army. D) focused his military strategy on the capture of French Canada. E) remained popular with the wealthy but not the poor.

D

296. The 1759 Battle of Quebec A) had little impact on the Seven Years' War. B) was a key turning point in Queen Anne's War. C) was a dramatic victory for the French. D) ended the war of French succession. E) ranks as one of the most significant victories in British and American history.

E

297. In the peace arrangements that ended the Seven Years' War, A) France surrendered all of its territorial claims to North America. B) England turned Florida over to Spain. C) Spain ceded all of Louisiana, including New Orleans, to Britain. $D) France lost all its valuable sugar islands in the West Indies. E) the British got all of Canada except Nova Scotia.

A

298. As a result of the Seven Years' War, Great Britain A) gained control of Louisiana. B) became the dominant power in North America. C) annexed the island of Cuba. D) gained exclusive control of the slave trade. E) all of the above.

B

299. For the American colonies, the Seven Years' War A) ended the myth of British invincibility. B) left them in need of experienced officers. C) offered the opportunity to grow closer to the British. D) gave them the opportunity finally to gain control of Mississippi. E) helped improve relations between Britain and the colonies.

A

300. During the Seven Years' War, A) colonial militiamen were impressed with the seeming invincibility of the British regulars. B) British officers roundly praised the skillful fighting ability of colonial troops. C) British officials were disturbed by the lukewarm support of many colonials. D) the colonists lost confidence in their own military capability. E) all American trade with Spain and France ended.

C

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