Lecture Exam A&P Ch 16

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Steroid hormones

bind to intercellular receptors

a cell's hormonal sensitivities are determined by the

presence or absence of appropriate receptors

the link between a first messenger and a second messenger in a cell that responds to peptide hormones is usually

G protein

when adenyl cyclase is activated

cAMP is formed

the hormone that causes a decerease in FSH levels in both males and females is

inhibin

thyroid hormone contain the mineral

iodine

if stress last longer than a few hjjours, an individual will enter the ....phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)

resistance phase

hormones that dominate during the resistence phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) are the

glucocorticoids

during resistence phase of the general adaptatioin syndrom (GAS)

lipid reserves are mobilized

the exhaustion phase of the general adaptation phase (GAS) is characterized by

decreased resistance to disease and infection

increased aggressive behavior is associated with increases in

testosterone

the protein....frequently functions together with calcium ions as a second messenger

calmodulin

.... are segments of DNA that bind with hormone receptor complexes

hormone receptive elements

in the ednocrine system, the functional counterparts of neural reflexes are

endocrine reflexes

peripheral cells sensitive to the presence of hormones are called...

target cells

the posterior pituitary is also know as the...

neurophypophsis

hormones that regulate the male and female repoductive organs are collectively called....

gonadotrophins

the two lobes of the thyroid gland are connected by the...

isthmus

the thyroid gland is composed of many... that produce and store thyroid hormone

thyroid follicles

thyroid hormones are structural derivatives of the amino acid

tyrosine

the outer layer of the adrenal land is the

adrenal cortal

the inner portioin of the adrenal gland is the

adrenal medulla

the adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones called...

adrenocorticosteroids or corticosteroids

the elevation of blood glucose levels by growth hormone is called...

diabetogenic effect

... is a general term for the male sex hormone

androgen

the... of thyroid hormones enables us to adapt to cold temperatures

calorigenic effect

two hormones that have opposing effects are called...

antagonist

two hormones that have addictive effects are called

synergists

when one hormone is needed for a second hormone to produce an effect it is called...

permissive

hormones that produce different but complementary results are called...

integrative

any threat to homeostasis represents a form of...

stress

the basic pattern of responses that the body produces is response to stress is called the

GAS--general adaptation syndrome

in studying a group of cells it is noticed that when stimulated by a particular hormone there is a marked increase in the activity of G proteins in the membrane. the hormone being stidied is probably...

a peptide

increased levels of phosphodiesterase in target cells would decrease the activity of...

FSH

decerased levels of parathormone could result in...

convulsions

damage to cells pf the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex would result in...

decreased ability to convert lipids to glucose

transection pf the infundibulum would result in a lack of whhich hormone (s)...

ADH

diabetes insipidus is caused by decreased levels of

ADH

increased blood calcium levels would result in increased

secretion of calcitonin

cortisol is released from

adrenal cortex

which of the following hornones is considered a glucocorticoid

cortisol

the level of sodium in the blood is regulated by the secretion of

aldosterone

which disease results when the adrenal cortex produces too much hormone?

cushing syndrome

which of the following hormones promotes renal excretion of sodium and water

atrial natriuretic hormone

which of the following glands has both and endocrine and an exocrine function

pancreas

which hormone will decrease blood glucose levles?

cortisol

which hormone is mis-matched

aldosterone--iodine

which of the following is a gonadotropic hormone?

FSH

a woman with a beard most likely has a malfunctioning...

adrenal cortex

too much urine indicate to...

little ADH

the master gland of the body is the

anterior pituitary

which of hte following hormones requires iodine

thyroxin

weakened bones can result from an oversecretion of...

parathyroid gland

absence ofthe parathyroid hormone causes

tetany (convulsions)

which of the following hormones will not use cAMP to cause a cellular effect?

norepinephrine

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