The Aeneid is a poem written by the poet Vergil. Vergil's full name is:
Publius Vergilius Maro
The year of Vergil's birth is:
The year of Vergil's death is:
Did Aeneas fight for the Greeks or for the Trojans?
Aeneas' father is:
Aeneas' mother is:
Aeneas' son is:
Many of the episodes in the Aeneid were adapted from the epic poems of:
According to the Greek captive, what advantage will the Trojans gain by taking the Trojan Horse into the city?
They will be undefeatable in battle
The beginning of Book II picks up where Book I left off. Briefly describe the setting for the beginning of Book II: where is Aeneas, who is with him, and what is happening?
Aeneas is in Dido's court. The survivors that fled Troy and reached Carthage are with him, and Dido asks him to tell their story.
What is the central event dominating the narrative of Book II?
The fall of Troy
What is the name of Aeneas' wife?
Two "ghosts" seem to appear to Aeneas at different points in Book II. Who are these ghosts?
Who is Aeneas speaking of when he says, "No fame, no memory to be won by punishing a woman - but to stamp out this abomination as she deserves, to punish her now: they'll sing my praise for that!"
During the main battle of Book II, Aeneas and some of his fellow warriors fight the Greeks and take them by surprise. What tactic do they use to remain undetected?
After killing the Greeks that originally mistake them for allies, Aeneas and his warriors take their armor and disguise themselves as Greeks.
Who is the "man of Ithaca" spoken of in the following quote? "If you [pl] think all Greeks are one, if hearing the name Greek is enough for you, it's high time you made me pay the price. How that would please the man of Ithaca!"
Briefly describe Laocoon
priest of Neptune; tells Trojans not to bring the horse into the city; killed by sea snakes while sacrificing a bull
Briefly describe Priam
king of the Trojans; watches Pyrrhus kill his son Polites at the altar; tries to avenge his son's death but is killed
Briefly describe Sinon
tricks Trojans into bringing the horse into the city by pretending to be an escaped sacrifice victim
Briefly describe Pyrrhus aka Neoptolemus
Achilles' son; kills Priam after killing his son Polites
Summarize the contents of Book III:
Aeneas recounts everywhere he and his crew have sailed since the fall of Troy.
Briefly describe Achaemenides
exiled Greek soldier; met shortly before the run-in with Polydectes
Briefly describe Palinurus
Trojan helmsman of Aeneas' ship; washed overboard
Briefly describe Achates
close comrade of Aeneas
Briefly describe Dardanus
legendary ancestor of the Trojans
Briefly describe Helenus
friend of Anchises and priest-seer, met at Buthrotum
The common name for Hesperia is:
Why do the Trojans leave Thrace, or what happens to them there?
Polydurus appears to Aeneas (bleeding tree) and tells him to leave
Why do the Trojans leave Delos, or what happens to them there?
Apollo tells Aeneas to search for his mother Venus. Anchises suggests going to Crete, so they leave.
Why do the Trojans leave Crete, or what happens to them there?
The household gods appear to Aeneas and tell him to sail to Italy (Hesperia), so they leave.
At what location do the Trojans see a miniature version of the city of Troy?
At what location did the Trojans celebrate games?
What sad event happened at Drepanum?
What specific prophcy does Celaeno make about what must happen before the Trojans find their new home?
They will face some terrible hunger and gnaw on their platters with their teeth
To what Olympian does Helenus command that the Trojans give offerings
What specific sign does Helenus prophesy that Aeneas will see when he finds his new home?
Helenus says that they will see a giant white sow suckling thirty white piglets
Which Olympian associated with prophecy speaks to various characters in Book III?
What widow of Hector did the Trojans meet at Buthrotum?
What is Rumor's role in Book IV?
Rumor spreads tales of Dido and Aeneas' "marriage" to neighboring countries, which are angered because Dido rejected their marriage offers.
Who is called a "second Paris" in Book IV, and why?
Aeneas, because he is a foreigner who comes in and has an affair with Queen Dido, just like Paris did with Helen
What Olympian asks Neptune to allow the Trojans to reach Italy safely?
In Book V, Aeneas and the surviving Trojans have left Carthage and set sail for Italy. In Book V, though, they are not yet in Italy. Where are they?
What Dardan friend of Aeneas is the ruler of Drepanum?
Who tells Aeneas that, before he reaches Italy, he must visit the House of Death, the Underworld?
Who sends Iris in Book V?
What does Iris do in Book V?
Encourage the Trojan women to burn the ships and settle in Drepanum
Whose earlier death is being "celebrated" with the funeral games in Book V?
Name the four funeral game competitions in order:
regatta, foot race, boxing, archery
What is Palinurus' job among the Trojans?
pilot of Aeneas' ship
What happens to Palinurus in Book V?
He dies when the god of sleep takes hold of him
At what part of Italy does Aeneas enter the Underworld?
Does Anchises dwell in Elysium or Tartarus?
Who is Aeneas' guide through the Underworld?
What Olympian speaks through Sybil?
What was the sign that helped Aeneas find the Golden Bough?
doves sent by Venus
What convinces Charon to ferry Aeneas across the Styx
Sybil tells Charon that Aeneas means no harm, and Aeneas has the Golden Bough
Aeneas does/does not see the ghost of Dido in the Underworld
Aeneas does/does not see the ghost of Palinurus in the Underworld
Aeneas does/does not see the ghost of Achates in the Underworld
What is the name of one other person named in Book VI who, while living, went "to Hell and back" safely?
The name of the person that King Latinus consulted in Book VII and that person's relationship to Latinus
Faunus, his father
What did Faunus advise Latinus to do?
Don't marry Lavinia do a Latin
What is one of the two signs Latinus received which were supposed to help him decide what to do?
Lavinia's hair caught on fire
Amata is the mother/wife/daughter of Latinus
Name the one whom Juno sends to cause the Trojans more suffering in Book VII:
What are "opened" to show that war has broken out?
the Gates of War
What Volscian warrior is introduced toward the end of Book VII (her death will be described in Book XI)?
What prophecy, made by Celaeno in Book III but attributed to Anchises in Book VII, is fulfilled?
The Trojans eat their own plates
When Ilioneus first addresses King Latinus about the Trojans settling in Italy, what is the tone of Latinus' reaction?
He is welcoming and gracious
What is the narrator referring to when he says "This was the first cause of all the pain and struggle, this first kindled the country people's lust for war."
Iulus kills a stag
Is Mezentius a Trojan or a native Italian?
What is one parallel or similarity between the contents of Book I and Book VII?
both contain invocations of the Muses
What is the name of the non-Latin Italian that believes Lavinia has already been promised to him (Hint: he becomes the major foe of Aeneas in Books VII-XII)?
In Book VII, where in Italy do Aeneas and the companions land?
Who are Vulcan's workers in Book VIII that make weapons for Aeneas?
At the beginning of Book VIII, Aeneas is advised to offer prayers to which Olympian?
When Aeneas arrives in Arcadia, he announces he is looking for King _______________.
The name of this King's son is _________________________________.
When Aeneas arrives in Arcadia, the Arcadians are celebrating a festival in whose honor?
In Vergil's own time, the more common name for Pallanteum in Arcadia was:
The King of the Arcadians recounts the story of the battle between Cacus and _______________
Which of the following four was not made for Aeneas in Book VIII? breastplate, helmet, spear, gloves
In one sentence, describe what is pictured on Aeneas's shield:
Scenes from the history of future Rome
Who is the "he" in Book VIII's final sentences: "He fills with wonder - he knows nothing of these events but takes delight in their likeness."
Book X opens with a council. Either tell the location of the council, or tell who the participants are.
Whose death makes Mezentius break down?
Who kills Mezentius?
Who kills Lausus?
Who kills Pallas?
What spoilium is taken from Pallas' dead body?
What happens at the end of Book X that allows Turnus to be saved?
Juno creates a ghost Aeneas that Turnus chases
As Book X closes, where is Turnus?
On a ship, which he chased ghost Aeneas into
Whose sister is Juturna?
Who helps the Trojans in their 30 ships on their sea journey as they return to the sight of the battle?
the sea-nymphs created from their old ships
What new thing about Aeneas' appearance when he returns gives courage to the Trojans?
He has strong armor
Who dies first, Lausus or Mezentius?
Which Olympian sends Opis to seek revenge for Camilla's death?
For which side did Camilla fight, for the Trojans or for the Latins?
Either name the person who kills Camilla, or name the weapon that person used to kill her.
What does Latinus propose to give the Trojans in exchange for peace?
a place to settle and found their race (as long as they don't seek additional lands)
For what purpose do the two sides call for a (temporary) truce?
to mourn their mutual dead
For how long is this proposed truce supposed to last?
What is the name of Pallas' father, who mourns his son's death?
Is Drances a Trojan or a native Italian?
Several times in Book XI we hear of hanging a dead person's armor & weapons on something as a trophy to Mars. What is this thing?
At the end of Book XI, Turnus glimpses Aeneas. Vergil tells us that they would have fought then and there, but something stops them. What is that thing?
There is not enough daylight
Diomedes, a Greek soldier who had fought at Troy, is asked by the Latins to help them in their war. What is his answer: yes or no?
Aeneas wraps Pallas' corpse with a cloak of purple & gold: who made this cloak for Aeneas?
Latinus, Turnus, and others are at a council to decide how to proceed. What announcement causes them to dissolve to council and prepare for battle?
A messenger tells them that the Trojans are invading