What percent of body fluids is EXTRAcellular?
What percent of body fluids is INTRAcellular?
What fluid compartment contains any fluid outside the cell?
What fluid compartment contains any fluid inside cells?
What fluid is between the cells or in the tissues?
What is the fluid that is found within the vessels?
What fluid compartment contains 34% of the body's fluids?
What fluid compartment contains 66% of the body's fluids?
What fluid compartment contains 27% of the body's fluids?
What fluid type makes up 7% of the body's fluid?
What fluid type has two categories?
Interstitial and Intravascular
What are the two types of EXTRAcellular fluid?
What fluid is 35% of our body weight?
What transports nutrients to and from the cells in the body?
What maintains blood volume?
What acts as a lubricant for tissues?
What aids in the maintenance of the body's acid/base balance?
What assists in the body's heat regulation via evaporation?
What is the approximate amount of the body's daily fluid intake and output?
What is replenished by the ingestion of foods and liquids?
What is replenished by the metabolism of food and body tissues?
How much water is absorbed from food?
How much water does our body gain from oxidation?
How much water does our body gain from liquids ingested?
How much water is lost through the skin?
How much water is lost through the lungs?
How much water is lost through feces?
How much water is lost through the kidneys?
What is the medical term for fluid volume deficit?
What is caused by the loss of normal body fluid, decreased fluid intake, blood loss, and/or third spacing?
What percent of water do infants consist of?
What percent water are normal adults?
What percent water are elderly adults?
Where does fluid go when an IV become infiltrated?
When a patient has edema, what fluid compartment has an excess amount of fluid?
What type of fluid is plasma?
Venous hydrostatic pressure
What causes interstitial edema?
What is the structure that is present between the ECF and the ICF that allows water soluble molecules to enter and exit the cell freely?
water, oxygen, and carbon dioxide
What molecules can move through the semi-permeable membrane with out the use of energy?
Proteins and electrolytes
What molecules cannot move freely through the semi-permeable membrane?
Skin and lungs
Insensible water loss is lost through what areas?
What is the removal of electrons from an atom or molecule called?
When cells die, the cell contents empty into the ECF causing what?
Postural Hypotension causes an increase in HR by what percent?
Postural Hypotension causes a decrease in BP by what percent?
A patient that was normal yesterday is showing signs of mental status changes this morning. What is likely the reason for this?
What is caused by the excessive intake of fluids?
What is the abnormal retention of fluids a sign of?
When there is a shift in fluid from interstitial to plasma, what is the reason?
What does restricting fluid and sodium and administering diuretics treat?
What is the most critical electrolyte?
What are the normal lab values for Sodium?
What are the normal lab values for Potassium?
What are the substances dissolved in a liquid called?
What is the component of a solution that dissolves a solute?
What word is used to describe the number of particles in a solution outside of the body?
What word is used to describe the number of particles in a solution inside of the body?
If a fluid has a high osmolarity/osmolality, are there more particles or more water in the solution?
What is the movement of PARTICLES in all directions through a solution or gas?
What is the process when solutes move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration?
The movement of WATER from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration through a selectively permeable membrane is known as what?
What type of solution pulls fluid FROM the cells because it has a higher osmotic pressure?
What type of solution expands the body's fluid volume without causing a fluid shift because it has the same osmotic pressure?
What type of solution has lower osmotic pressure and moves INTO a cell?
What type of solution is 5% dextrose in 0.45% sodium chloride (D5 1/2NS)
Pulls fluid FROM cells
What does a hypertonic solution do?
Pushes fluid INTO cells
What does a hypotonic solution do?
Increases fluid volume
What does an isotonic solution do?
What type of solutions are D5 1/2NS, D5NS, D5 LR, and D10W?
What type of solutions are NS, LR, and D5W?
What type of solutions are 1/2NS and D2.5W?
Na+ and Cl-
What electrolytes are found in bacon, ham, processed cheese, and table salt?
What is the major anion in ECF?
What is the major component in the formation of hydrochloric acid in gastric juices?
What causes increased muscle excitability, tetany, and decreased respirations?
What causes stupor, rapid deep breathing, and muscle weakness?