Greek Unit People

34 terms by 14ewalsh

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Helen

her kidnapping started the Trojan War

Heinrich Schiemann

first to suggest that the Trojan War was based on true events

Achilles

Greek Trojan War hero

Hector

Trojan war hero

Homer

Writer right after Dorian Age

Draco

Athenian ruler, equal code of laws for all, harsh punishments

Solon

Athenian ruler, split Athenians into 4 classes based on wealth, no slavery

Cleisthenes

Athenian ruler, split Athens into 10 groups based on land region, increased assembly power, made Council of 500

Darius the Great

started the Persian Wars

Pheidippides

ran the first marathon, Athenian

Xerxes

succedes Darius the Great, loses the Persian War

Themistocles

urges Athens to sea

Pericles

ruled during Athen's Golden Age

Phidias

sculpted the Parthenon

Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides

tradgedy writers

Aristophanes

comedy writer

Herodotus

first historian

Thucydides

great historian

Protagoras

questioned the existence of the gods

Socrates

philosopher, believed in self-examination, condemned to death

Plato

philosopher, wrote about an ideal society

Aristotle

philosopher, questioned nature of world and human belief, scientific method, taught Alexander the Great

Philip II

king of Macedonia, took over Greece

Alexander the Great

great Macedonian king who conquered from Greece to the Indus Valley

Darius III

king of Persia when Alexander the Great attacked

Antigonus

took Macedonia and Greece after Alexander died

Ptolemy

took Egypt after Alexander died

Seleucus

took old Persian Empire after Alexander died

Aristarchus of Samos

astronomer

Eratosthenes

astronomer, director of Alexandrian library/museum

Euclid

mathematician

Archimedes

scientist

Zeno

founded Stoicism

Epicurus

founded Epicureanism

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