Cell Organelles and Their Functions

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mitochondria

produces energy through cellular respiration

rough endoplasmic reticulum

transport and storage

ribosomes

create proteins

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

creates lipids or fat

chloroplast

creates glucose

golgi apparatus

synthesis, packages and releases concentrate proteins or lipids

golgi body

protein or lipid enters the cytoplasm

cytoplasm

where all chemicals take place

glycoprotein

short sugar chains attached to proteins

glyco lipids

lipids attached to proteins

cisternae

flattened stacked membrane folds

liposome

small membrane bounded transport vesicles

peroxisome

microbodies found in animal cells

glyoxysome

microbodies found in plant cells

centrioles

for cellular division and cellular reproduction

cytoskeleton

supports structure and helps move synthesized proteins

lysosomes

contain hydrolytic enzymes for digestion

cilia

hair like structures

flagellum

tail

contractile vacuole

pump water out of cell

red blood cells

carries oxygen, glucose

vesicle

moves protein, lipid and carbohydrate

nuclear envelope

surrounds the nucleus

vacuole

contains food or water

cell membrane

separates cell contents from the environment

microtubules

provide internal support

nucleus

information center of the cell

nucleolus

site of ribosome synthesis

chromatin

threadlike mass of DNA

skeletal

tissues attached by tendons to bones

smooth

tissues on the wall of the guts; the iris of the eye

cardiac

tissues at the heart

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