an unexpected twist or contrast in an author's work
speaker says the opposite of the intended meaning or does not literally mean what he says
speaker must be aware of saying something different from what he feels or means
subcategory of verbal irony limited to times when the is an intention to hurt or harm someone
author shows contrast in a situation between what is expected to happen and what really happens. includes all instances when speaker or doer is acting on a misperception of the situation
type situational irony, character thinks everything is solved but at that point it begins to go wrong. timing of events that make it ironic
out of character
type situational irony, the person acts totally out of character, such as policeman arrested for robbing a store.
tables are turned
type of situational irony, (surprise ending) there is a twist at the end of the story. example what a person wants to happen to someone else happens to him.
odd, unexplained situation or strange coincidence
type of situational irony, there is a strange coincidence. example a grandmother, mother and daughter all have the same birthday.
type of situational irony, this is a misperception bya character of the actual situation or its cause. If the character is unaware that what he is saying differs from reality. (NOT VERBAL IRONY)
author gives reader information that the characters do NOT know. the reader or viewer is aware of the consequences of a character's choices when the character is not. reader know something is going to happen before the character does