Art History

39 terms by delucaja 

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Encaustic

a paint consisting of pigment mixed with melted beeswax

First Column Order

Doric

Free Standing

a sculpture that stands alone. It is not carved into another material.

Contrapposto

put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose

Doryphoros

The Canon of all human porportions (Classical Sculpture) also known as the spear-bearer

Second Column Order

Ionic

Third Column Order

Corinthian

Cement

This was really important to Romans when it came to buildings however, the Romans did not create this substance

Dionysus

This sculpture is on the East Pediment of the Parthenon and it is part of the Classical Period (It is a God holding a wine glass)

Three Goddesses

This sculpture is located on the East Pediment of the Parthenon and it is part of the Classical period. (The goddesses are shown with clothes using the wet drapery style)

Stela of Hammurabi

This sculpture shows a king praying to the sun god and his feet are bare (which meant he was on holy ground) 1,760 BCE (Hint: looks like a shield)

Dionysus Kylix

540 BCE Archaic. This Kylix shows the god of wine in a boat with wine grapes all around him. This is an example of Black Figure.

The Battle of Issos

This mosaic, 100 BCE Hellenistic, shows Alexander the Great in engaged combat.

Nike of Samothrace

This "Nike", 190 BCE Hellenistic, is a sculpture that is missing its head and has wings. This sculpture shows very detailed wet drapery.

Battle of Greeks and Amazons

Late Classical Greek High-Relief Sculpture shows the Greeks fighting warrior women.

Stonehenge

2000 BCE made by the druids of what is today called England. This series of stones is called...

Parthenon

the temple on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. Classical Period.

Venus de Milo

An ancient Greek statue of Venus, famous for its beauty, though its arms were broken off centuries ago. Hellenistic (Hint: found in Milo, Italy)

Kritios Boy

This is the earliest known example of contrapposto. Early Classical.

Menkaure and his Queen

2500 B.C. Egyptian. Shows a man "and his Queen"

Herakles Wrestling Antaios

510 BCE, Archaic Period, by Euphronios, red figure. each side of the Krater tells part of the story of __________.

The Blinding of Polyphemos

Most famous for its Orientalizing style this vase shows a giant's eye being stabbed out with a spear. 600 BCE.

Temple of Hera II

Paestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCE, Early Classical this is the second temple of 2 temples dedicated to this goddess. Doric Columns.

Temple of Athena Nike

had ionic columns, extremely small. Late Classical. 410 BCE

Palette of King Narmer

This stone slab represents the profile view of their king unifying both Lower and Upper Egpyt. The 2 lions symbolize the unification as well. The king in this artwork is wearing the traditional crowns of both regions. 3000 BCE. Looks like a shield or "Palette"

Portrait Head

From Delos. 80 BC. Bronze. Hellenistic.

Woman of Wilendorf

Neolithic fat "Woman" that could be carried around because she was small.

Wet Drapery

Sculpturs wanted sculptures clothing to look more realistic so the clothing looks "Wet"

Black Figure

red background & black detail in pottery

Red Figure

black background & red detail in pottery

Illusionistic Space

This illusion is used is murals and mosaics to make them look 3D while still staying 2D.

Pathos

This noble suffering facial expression can be seen in many sculptures.

Dying Trumpeter

Hellenistic style sculpture. This portrays a barbarian that is playing an instrument but he was injured in battle and is resting on his bum

Fluting

Grooves in all of the three types of columns

Peristyle/Colonnade

A row of columns

Neolithic Period

The New Stone Age

Kore

Female most famous in Archaic sculptures. Shown with Archaic Smile. Male version is Kourous.

Kouros

archaic greek sculpture of standing male. nude. free standing. female version if Kore.

Acropolis

a large hill in Athens where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs. The Parthenon is located here.

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