SS Midterm Study Guide: 13 colonies and political systems

26 terms by charlottek12

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absolute monarchy

a political system in which a ruler is determined by hereditary

anarchy

a term describing a state of political and social disorder due to absence of gorvernmental control

confederation

a form of political organization in which states combine for certain purposes, retaining their individual sovereinty

constitutional monarchy

a systen in which a ruler is determined by hereditary, but their power is limited due to a constitution

democracy

term used to describe a system in which the people rule

dictatorship

a system in which one person rules with absolute power

enlightened despot

an absolute ruler who exercises his power for the benefit of the people

fascism

system characterized by right wing nationalists heirarchal structure opposed to democracy

oligarchy

system where government is run by a few people of power and typically do not represent the majority

political system

the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a "state" or "government"

pure democracy

a political system with power of the people instead of any representatives

republic

a system in which power is vessed in representatives selected by means of popular competetive election

theocracy

a political system in which the party rules with authority

totalitarian

a form of government that permits no individual freedom

massachusetts

colony: founded to gain religious freedom, wealth, and trade.

new hampshire

colony: founded by captain john mason and created to set up a fishing colony

new york

colony: origionally new netherland/new amsterdam. founded by dutch settlers

rhode island

colony: formed for religious freedom, separation of church and state.

connecticut

colony: founded by people in search of freedom from massachusetts

new jersey

colony: formed by friends of duke of york. promised government and religious freedom.

pennsylvania

colony: founded by william penn for freedom of religion and to protect quakers.

delaware

colony:origionally part of pennsylvania; goverened by them until the revolution

maryland

colony: founded by lord baltimore for a refuge for roman catholics.

virginia

colony: opportunity for wealth, convert natives to christianity

north and south carolina

colony: virginia colonists moved here (both colonies)

georgia

colony: founded by james oglethorpe as a new start for criminals and a barriar from spanish territory.

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