Acide Base Balance

Created by xokrisstee 

Upgrade to
remove ads

PH

measure of the body fluid's free H+ ion level

Ph 7

is neutral

Normal Ph of the blood is

7.35-7.45

Abnormally Acidic

below 7.35

Abnormally Alkalotic

above 7.45

Below 6.8 or above 7.8

will interfere with cellular functioning and if uncorrected can lead to death

Acids

are proton donors

Bases

are proton acceptors

The ratio of carbonic acid to bicarbonate is

1:20

acidosis is not a disease its a

condition

Buffers

act chemically to change strong acids into weaker acids or bind acids to neutralize their effect

medulla

it controls and regulates blood levels of CO2 and the HCO3 content

Alkalosis

hyperventilation

Acidosis

Hypoventilation

Normal HC03

22-26

Normal PaCO2

35-45

anion gap

is essential in analyzing cause of metabolic acidosis

High anion gap

excessive amount of acid

Causes for normal anion gap acidosis

severe diarrhea and renal failure,excess administration of chlorine

Causes for High anion acidosis

diabetic ketoacidosis, shock, excessive ingestion of alcohol beverages

hyperkalemia

Muscle twitching and burning, oral numbness, weakness, flaccid paralysis

Hypercalcemia

tingling and numbness in the arms and legs

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set