Access to foreign markers, cultural features that emerged, trade connection
Why did Greece prosper through resource poor?
Humanity is in a constant cosmic struggle, world in is battle of good vs. evil, monotheistic, does not believe in reincarnation
What are the tenets of Zoroasterism?
Treated as pawns, though they could "have their own pawns," struggle for power
Characterize the Persian women of the elite class.
People still had rights though they were viewed as slaves
How did Darius body of law affect subject peoples?
Contact between the Agean Sea and Middle East, Invasion from the north
What began the Greek Archaic period?
Learned quickly, could add vowels to use in communication without needing to memorize
Why was the Phoencian alphabet so beneficial to the Greeks?
What was the usual form of worship that the Greeks used for their gods?
Sacrifice of goods or animals
Trade opportunities, increased population, technological achievements
What were the characteristics of the recovery of the Archaic Period?
Xenophenes: how the world was created and made out of what
Pythagorus: math and philosophy advancements
Thalles: world had been all water at one point
Who were some pre-Socratic Greek philosophers and with what were they concerned?
There was a half-century of chaos, officers scrambled to regain control of three kingdoms
What happened to Alexander's empire after he died?
Marry in culture, establish Greek-style cities, leave cooperative officials in place
What policies did Megas Alexandros use to control his empire?
Mesinians made into life-long slaves, no money around, raised men to be obediant slaves from young age
Describe the Spartan city-state.
Athens and Sparta cam out as major powers, Persia never threatens Greeks away
What were the results of the Persian war?
Even Greek state had a nation in and of itself, unified only against a common enemy, Greeks did not view themselves as a nation
How did the Peloponnesian war reveal a flaw in the city-state idea?
Socrates, Plato (diversity of nature, no democracy but philosopher king), Aristotle (wrote about everything, "Poetics"), Epicurus (taught in garden, strict life, greatest pleasure was the epiphany), Xeno (created the Stoic school)
List Greek philosophers and their contributions.
Aristarcus (argued earth was on an axis, sun is the center), Hypocrates (physician), Pythagorus, Archimedes (invented defenses against Romans at Sicily, buoyancy), Hyron of Calcedom (invented the lie detector, anatomy), Euclid (geometry), Aritosthanes (earth was round)
List Greek scientists/inventors/physicians and their contributions.
Myron (athletes, chariotees), Phideas (Athena and Zeus, giant), Phaxitoles
List Greek sculptors and their works