World War Two Events/People AP

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Battle of Britain

A battle fought in the skies, over London, between the RAF and the German Luftwaffe. Hitler had hoped to invade England, but he lost control of the skies over the English Channel with this loss.

Holocaust

This act, by Hitler's Nazis, was carried out throughout Europe, during the war. It was the result of Hitler's "final solution" and resulted in the death of over 6 million Jews.

The raid on Dieppe

The first battle, on the European continent, in which Canadian troops participated. Although it was a disaster, with a large loss of life and many soldiers captured, it did help the Allies to become better prepared for a successful landing on D Day.

Blitzkrieg

A form of warfare developed by the Germans and referred to as "lightening war." It involved rapid attack spearheaded by tanks, armoured personnel carriers, air support and paratroopers dropped behind enemy lines to disrupt communications. It was very successful early on.

Conscription

Canada could not keep up its military commitment without resorting to this method of finding more soldiers. Although few actually saw action, this act once again divided the nation.

Battle of Normandy

The Allies gained a foothold on the French coast during this battle. Eventually they were able to drive the Germans back and liberate Western Europe. Canadian soldiers played a major role in this battle.

Pearl Harbour

The Japanese launched a surprise attack on this American naval base in the Pacific. Although the damage to the Pacific fleet was not critical, the Americans declared war on Japan the next day.

Battle for Hong Kong

Canadians first saw action, on this island, when the Japanese invaded. The defenders fought bravely, but they were quickly overrun. Many Canadians died in Japanese work camps after their capture.

Kristallnacht

German "brown shirts" attacked Jewish homes and businesses all across Germany. Many Jews were killed and 20,000 were imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. It was engineered by Joseph Goebbels.

Internment

All Japanese living in British Columbia were rounded up and sent to camps in the interior. Even though many had never even been to Japan, they were considered a risk to national security. All their property was sold off and they were not compensated for it.

Battle of the Atlantic

A battle fought on the high seas between allied destroyers, frigates and corvettes and German submarines. The subs tried to sink the convoys of merchant ships and the allies tried to protect them. Canada played a major role in protecting these convoys.

Dunkirk

It was a town on the French Coast where 350,000 British and French troops were evacuated to England. The Germans had them on the run, but did not capitalize on their advantage and allowed them to escape. A significant mistake.

Concentration Camp

A camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of certain ethnic groups were confined, typically under harsh conditions. During World War II, these camps were often the sites of unspeakable crimes against humanity.

Hitler

German fascist dictator during World War Two. Leader of the Nazi party. Responsible for the death of over 6 million Jews during the Holocaust.

Mussolini

Fascist Dictator in Italy during World War Two.

Stalin

Communist dictator of Russia during World War Two. Responsible for the ruthless killing of up to twenty million of his own citizens.

President Roosevelt

President of the United States during a majority of World War two.

Prime Minister Mackenzie King

Canada's longest serving Prime Minister. He was the Prime Minister at the end of the depression and during the Second World War.

Manhatten project

Secret American program, during World War Two, to develop an atomic bomb.

Japanese Internment

All Japanese living in British Columbia were rounded up and sent to camps in the interior. Even though many had never even been to Japan, they were considered a risk to national security. All their property was sold off and they were not compensated for it.

Juno Beach

Canadian landing beach during the Normandy invasion. Canadians penetrated about 9 km inland by the end of D-Day.

VE Day

"Victory in Europe Day" is the celebration of the surrender of Nazi Germany on May 8,1945.

Hiroshima/Nagasaki

The two Japanese cities that were destroyed by the atomic bombs. Over 100,000 men, women and children died as result of the blast.

VJ day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945.

1939-1945

The dates of the Second World War.

1939-1945

The dates of the Holocaust.

September 1, 1939

The invasion of Poland by German forces.

September 10, 1939

Canada declares war on Germany.

June 6, 1944

Battle of Normandy (Canadians land on Juno beach)

August 6, 1945

The first atomic bomb is dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.

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