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Paracelsus

astrology effects psych functioning; "lunatic"; middle ages

Orsesme

advisor to King Charles VI; disorders natural but curable; middle ages

Hippocrates

humoral theory; ancient greece

Galen

hysteria; ancient greece

John P. Grey

American psychiatrist; improved conditions in mental hospitals; 1800s

Plato

treatment through reason; ancient greece

Pinel, Tuke, and Rush

facilitated moral therapy; 1800s

Dorothea Dix

mental hygiene movement; 1800s

Mesmer

animal magnetism; late 1800s

Charcot

took interest in Mesmer; mentor to Bruer and Freud; late 1800s

Bruer

partner of early freud, especially early hypnosis; late 1800s

Anna Freud

neofreudian; ego psychology

Kohut

neofreudian; object relations

Adler

neofreudian; overcome inferiority to perfection

Horney

neofreudian; driven by love and security

Jung

neofreudian; collective unconscious

Fromm

neofreudian; socioeconomic and cultural determinism

Erikson

neofreudian; epigenetic principle/development

Maslow

humanistic; hierarchy of needs

Rogers

humanistic; self-concept; "clients" not "patients"

Pavlov

behaviorism; classical conditioning experiment with salivating dog

Basis of self-concept

genuineness, acceptance, empathy

eros

life/sex instinct of id

thanatos

death/aggression instinct of id

neuroimaging techniques

CAT, PET, MRI, fMRI

neuropsychological testing

how quickly people respond to problems presented to them

included in mental status exam

physical appearance/behavior, thought processes, mood/affect, intellectual functioning, sensorium

assessment

evaluation and measurement; provide data to make diagnosis

dopamine

Parkinson's, addiction, schizophrenia

GABA

anti-anxiety/panic

norepinephrine

fight or flight

serotonin

mood

amygdala

anxiety disorders; causes panic when fired

frontal lobe

many disorders: schizoprhenia, antisocial personality, OCD, deperssion...

quantitative genetics

interaction of many genes causes a behavior

reciprocal gene-environmental model

genes make person seek out the environment to express the genes

concordance rates

likelihood of genes expressed by identical vs. fraternal twins

gene study types

proband, adoption, twins

proband studies

who else/how many in family also have disorder

Thorndike

behaviorist; law of effect

law of effect

behaviors strengthened or weakened based on consequences we've had in the past

Skinner

behaviorist; operant learning, skinner box

Skinner box

behaviorist; animals pull a lever and either get food or shocked

Watson

behaviorist; create fears in "baby albert"

Jones and Wolpe

systematic desensitization

Watson and Ellis

applying cognitive behavior therapy to anxiety disorders

Bandura

behaviorist; social learning theory

social learning theory

lean behaviors through someone else

Seligman

learned helplessness and preparedness of lear

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