Week 18: Islamic Empire

Created by nreykdal 

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21 terms

oasis

A small area in the desert watered by springs and wells

nomad

A member of a group that has no fixed home and moves from place to place

tribe

Any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name

idol

An image used as an object of worship

bazaar

An open-air market with shops and goods for sale

pilgrimage

A journey to a sacred place or shrine

Koran

The sacred book of Islam

monotheism

The belief that there is only one God

Islam

A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad

Muslim

A believer in Islam

Mosque

A place of Muslim worship

Sunna

Customary procedures of living, specifically the ways and customs of Muhammad

caliph

The civil and religious ruler of a Muslim state

council

An assembly called to help determine the next Muslim caliph

Shiite

From the Arabic "party;" one who believes that authority passed from the Prophet Muhammad to his lineal descendants

Sunni

One who follows the way s and customs of Muhammad, specifically those who accept that authority was passed down through consensus of the Muslim community

Muhammad

Founder of Islam, prophet of God

Allah

Arabic word for God

muezzin

One that calls Muslim worshippers to prayer

Kaaba

Square building in Mecca believed by Muslims to be the house Ibrahim erected for God and the focus of Muslim worship

Hegira

Muhammad's emigration with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622.

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