5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Name three ways interest groups influence policy.
- What are three of the five most important expressed powers in Article I given to Congress?
- Why did the original thirteen colonies include a chekcs and balance system in the Constitution?
- Does Congress represent America demographically? explain.
- What are the steps in the crimnal justice process?
- a They feared the president would become a tyrant if given to much power and decided that the other branches needed to be just as powerful to keep the president's power in check.
- b There are four ways total: lobbying (speaking to elected officials), researching policy proposals, litigation (law suits), grassroots mobilization (activating the public), revolving door (employing ormer government officials and creating PACs and making campaign contributions.
- c The most important powers include the ability to: declare war, coin money, levy and collect taxes, borrow money and regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
- d The typical profile of a member of Congress is a middle-aged male, white Protestant lawyer. Although 52% of America is made up of women, less than 20% of Congress is women. And although America is demographically diverse, Congress is not: mostly white old men.
- e Crime, investigation, arrest, pre0trial, actual trial, sentencing and appeals and correction (punishment).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- All the power in a unitary system of government is centralized in the national government. It is ideal because the population and geography is not diverse in a small country, nor is the distance between the government and the people great enough to weaken authority in a small country. Also, it helps if there are no big cities that need localization or "special attention" from the government.
- The theory was the Social Contract Theory: an unwritten contract between the people and the king to give the king perameters. The people agreed to obey the rules in exchange for the rulers to promise to protect their rights. If the ruler broke these rules, then he would be removed from power.
- It declares that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land. It supersedes all the state and local laws. When laws conflict, the federal law reigns supreme.
- Even though political parties were already an important part of government at that time, George Washington warned the nation against them in his Farewell Address, stating that they would split the nation and create division.
- It's a way an interest group can influence government: by contributing money to political parties and candidates during election campaigns. It's a committee within interest groups that are allowed to collect donations and then funnel the money into political campaigns.
5 True/False Questions
What does the supreme court take into accountability while ruling? → The constitutionality of the case.
What are two benefits to a federal system of government, or, what are two drawbacks? → The benefits include: protects against tyranny of majority, promotes unity without imposing uniformity, it creats "labs" for policy experiments and it encourages political participation. The drawbacks include: a lack of consistency of always and policies between states and it creates tension between state and federal officials.
Define cooperative federalism. → Cooperative federalism is described as a "marble cake" federalism: shared power among national, state and local governments (as in, FDR and his New Deal).
Define dual federalism. → It's often described as "layer cake" federalism: strict division of powers between national and state governments, where the two levels are part of a whole, but each has clearly delineated responsibilities.
Explain how House and Senate representation are divided up, and why it is this way. → House representation is determined by the population of state. The total number of House members is always 435, but the number of reps per state is reapportiioned every ten years, as population and districts change. The Senate always has only two reps per state, making a total of one-hundred members i the Senate.