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to help study for BC english 10 provincials

Narrative Paragraph

tells a real or an imaginary story

Descriptive Paragraph

Describes a scene, or a collection of scenes

Expository Paragraph

Typical essay paragraph

Compare

To find similarities

Contrast

to find differences

Personal Essay

the writer describes a story in which he/she learned something profound or discovered womething about life

Expository Essay

can be persuasive or explanitory

Persuasive Expository Essay

attempts to convince the reader to agree with a certain point of view

Explanitory Expository Essay

explains something to the reader without trying to persuade them in any way

Literary Essay

formal essay used to analyze a piece of literature

Introduction

the reader is made aware of what the writers intentions and what type of essay it is

Body

the bulk of the essay; where most of the information is provided

Conclusion

end of the essay; wraps up arguement, or ties the content of the essay together

Thesis

main idea of the essay, the main position of view of the writer

Transition

words that allow the reader to slide smoothly from one idea or paragraph to the next

Style

the indivitual manner in which an author expresses his/her thoughts and feelings

Diction

a style of speaking or writing from a deliberate choice and arrangement of words

Rhetorical Devices

a way of manipulating language fot effective writing, they guide the reader's reaction/response to the piece

Tone

the author's additude towards the subject or readers, similar to a tone of voice

Voice

the personality of the writing, specific characteristics that make it unique

Jargon

words or expressions developed for use within a specific group

Colloquial Language

informal language of conversation; slang

Autobiography

an account of a person's life written by that person

Biography

an account of a person's life written by someone else

Alliteration

a phrase or sentance where at least two words begin with the same consonant sound

Allusion

a reference to one piece of literature to another

Antagonist

usually the "bad guy"; the force that opposes the protagonist/main character

Aside

a side comment; the audience hears something, but the other characters don't

Atmosphere

the emotional setting

Audience

who the piece of literature is directed at

Ballad

a long poem that tells a story, usually set to music

Bias

a prejudice

Blank Verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

Character

a person/thing that experiences feelings

Chronological Order

the order in which events happen in time

Cliche

a worn-out idea or overused expression

Climax

the most exciting point in a story

Comedy

light and humorous drama with a happy ending

Connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested

Denotation

the direct meaning or idea

Description

to provide details about something

Dialogue

when characters exchange conversation

Direct Presentation

when the writer tells the readers directly what kind of personality a character has

Drama

situations of intense emotion

Dynamic Character

a character who undergoes change during the story

Falling Action

what happens after the climax; begins to wrap up the story

FIgurative Language

the imaginative language that makes a piece of writing fun to read

First Person Point of View

the narrator tells the story from the "I" point of view

Flashback

a transition to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story

Flat Character

a character who is not very well developed; has few identifiable characteristics

Foil

to hinder or put a stop to plans

Foreshadowing

clues that the writer gives that hint at what will come later on in the story

Free Verse

unrhymed poetry

Genre

a kind of literary or artistic work

Hyperbole

a deliberate exaggeration used to make a point

Imagery

The use of strong language to form a picture or scene in a reader's mind

Indirect Presentation

the personality of a character is revealed by what he/she does or says

Irony

the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Limited Omniscient Point of View

allows the authour to tell the thoughts and feelings of only one character.

Lyric

a short, rhyming poem

Metaphor

a comparison of two things without using like or as

Mood

the overall emotion created by a work of literature

Narration

giving an account describing incidents or a course of events

Narrative

the telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.

Narrator

the person who tells a story

Objective Point of View

the narrator does not enter the mind of any character but describes events from the outside

Omniscient Point of View

the narrator enters the minds of multiple characters

Onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound they denote

Oxymoron

two words or phrases that completely contradict each other

Paradox

a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

Personification

giving human traits to an inanimate object for imagery purposes

Plot

the sequence of events in a story

Point of View

the perspective from which a story is told

Propaganda

information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause

Protagonist

the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict

Refrain

a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem

Resolution

when the answer to the problem in the story is found

Rhyme

be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern by which words rhyme in poetry

Rhythm

the arrangement of words alternating stressed and unstressed

Rising Action

the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.

Round Character

this character is fully developed - the writer reveals good and bad traits as well as background

Sarcasm

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

Satire

the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperfections

Setting

where the story takes place

Simile

a comparison using like or as

Sonnet

a 14 line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme

Speaker

the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator, not always the poet

Stanza

a group of lines in a poem, like a paragraph in writing

Static Character

a character that stays the same throughout the story, does not go through any major changes

Stereotyped Character

a character formed by building off of a common stereotype

Suspense

apprehension about what is going to happen next in the story

Symbol

something that represents something else in a piece of writing

Theme

the main or central idea of the story or piece of writing

Tragedy

drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance

Understatement

the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is

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