5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- scipio africanus
- a Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
- b The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate. (p. 148)
- c Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
- d In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
- e In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
- Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic
- command, power, empire
- Gave equality to all Romans, but it would take ~150 more years before Plebeian laws were applied to everybody.
- bundle of rods containing an axe with the blade protruding
5 True/False Questions
pontifex maximus → A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
romulus and remus → Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
assemblies → primary job was to elect the magistrates and had both patricians and plebians
rubicon river → a river in Italy. On the night of January 10, 49 BC, Caesar took his army across it. He marched his army swiftly toward Rome, and Pompey fled.
censor → The son of Venus and Anchises, he was a noble fighter for Troy during the Trojan War. He escaped from Troy as the Greeks were sacking the city and went off in search of a place to establish the new Troy. He settled in Italy, where his descendants founded the city of Rome.