romulus and remus
Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
the year the Romans overthrew the Etruscan and started the republic
a landowning upper class in rome
primary job was to elect the magistrates and had both patricians and plebians
the high priest of Rome, the head of Roman state religion; he appointed and oversaw the vestal virgins.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
means "our sea" nickname for Mediterranean sea for Romans
Roman general and dictator (138-78 BC)
Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic
Ruled the east while Octavian ruled the west. Defeated by Octavian because the greek senate declared war on them due to Octavians supporting words. Committed suicide with Cleopatra after seeing no escape
the founding of Rome
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
the path of honor, to move up a level in the political sense
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis, City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by Rome in the third century B.C.E. (p. 107)
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
huge estates bought up by newly wealthy roman citizens
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)
a river in Italy. On the night of January 10, 49 BC, Caesar took his army across it. He marched his army swiftly toward Rome, and Pompey fled.
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC
The son of Venus and Anchises, he was a noble fighter for Troy during the Trojan War. He escaped from Troy as the Greeks were sacking the city and went off in search of a place to establish the new Troy. He settled in Italy, where his descendants founded the city of Rome.
The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate. (p. 148)
supporters of the republic
command, power, empire
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
a vote that blocks a decision
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
cato the elder
He was the Roman statesman who hated Carthage and started the Third Punic War
brothers who tried to reform the Roman Empire by giving back Latifundias to the small farmers but were assassinated
General who defeated Spartacus. Crucified 6,600 slaves on the Alpennine way. He later served in the First Triumvirate.
year julius ceasar led toops into britain
the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC
people from Etruria , ( north of Rome) that took control of Rome and Latium. Ruled Rome for more than 100 years. Built up Rome, streets, temples. Skilled metal workers Rome became rich from mining and trade
stands for "Senatus Populus Que Romanus" and translates to the Senate and the People of Rome; the symbol is found emblazoned on light posts, mailboxes, street signs, and other municipal fixtures in modern-day Rome.
bundle of rods containing an axe with the blade protruding
In ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.
law of the 12 tables
Gave equality to all Romans, but it would take ~150 more years before Plebeian laws were applied to everybody.
ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC
a Roman general who was elected consul seven times- he is known for the big changes he made to the Roman army, making it easier for men to be Roman soldiers
The first attempt of the men by the names of Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey who try to save the replublic. Caesar gains this power
present in Rome began in 43 BC. It was comprised of Octavian, an experienced general Marc Antony, and a powerful politician Lepidus. They ruled for ten years until their alliance ended in jealousy and violence.