The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because
The defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to
issue the Emancipation Proclimation
Afrcican Americans who fought for the Union Army in the Civil War
Served bravely and suffered extremely heavy casualties.
Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort.
During teh Civil war, most of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma
Supported the Confederacy
When Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election, people in South Carolina
Rejoiced because it gave them an excuse to secede.
In ruling on the Dred Scott case, The United States Supreme court
expected to lay to rest the issue of slavery in the territories.
The United States' victoy in the Mexican War resulted in
Renewed controversey over the issue of extending slavery into the territories, a possible split in the whip and democrat parties over slaver, the cession by mexico of an enormous amount of land to the United States, a rush of settlers to new American territory in California (all of the above)
Accordign to the principle of "popular sovereignty" the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by
the people in any given territory
The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following provisions except
The requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada.
In 1846 the United States went to war with Mexico for all of the following reasons excpet
the ideaology of Manifest Destiny.
The Wilmost Provision, introduced into Congress during the Mexican War, declared that
slavery would be banned from all territories that Mexico ceded to the United States.
In arguing for the continutation of slavery after 1830, southerners
placed themselves in opposition to much of the rest of the Western world.
All told, only about _____ of white southerners owned slaves or belonged to a slaveholding family.
Deists like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Fraklin endorsed the concept of
a Supreme Being who created the universe.
In the continental economy, each region specialized in a particular ecomomic activity: the Sout _____ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed _____; and the East _______ for the other two regions.
grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles.
The Monroe Doctrine was
An expression of theillusion of deepening American isolationism from world affairs.
As a reult of the Missouri Compromise
slavery was banned north of 36*30' in the Louisiana Purchase territory.
Thomas Jefferson was conscience-striken about the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France because
he believed that the purchase was unconstitutional
The case of Marbury v. Madison involved the question of who had the right to
declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Napolan chose to sell Louisiana to the US because
he had suffered misfortunes in Santo Domingo, he hope that the territory would one day help America to thwart the ambitions of the British, he did not want to drive America into the arms of the British, yellow fever killed many French troops. (all of the above)
One of George Washington's major contributions as president was
keeping the nation out of foreignn wars.
Thomas Jefferson favored a political system in which
the states retained the majority of political power.
The Bill of Rights was intended to protect _______ against the potential tyranny of ___________.
individual liberties, a strong central government.
The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they
were elevated as special keepers of the nation's conscience.
The economic status of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was
probably worse than before the war.
A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its
presentation of the ideal of united nation.
As commander of America's Revolutionary army, George Washington exhibited all of the following except
Thomas Paine argued that all government officials
should derive their authority from popular consent.
In late 1776 and 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by
defeating the Hessians at Trenton and the British at Princeton.
As the War for Independence begain, the colonies had the advantage of
many outstanding civil and military leaders.
Change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved
compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire.
When it came to Revolution, it oculd be said that the American colonists were
The British Parliment passed the Stamp Act to
Raise money to support new military foreces needed for colonial defense.
When colonists shouted "No taxation without representation," they were rejecting Parliment's power to
levy revenue-raising taxes on teh colonies.
The clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control.
the Ohio River Valley
The Great Awakening
Undemined the presige of the learned clergy in the colonies, split colonial churches into several competeing denominations, led to the foundign of Princeton, Dartmouth, and Rutgers colleges, was the first spontaneous mass movement of the American people. (all of the above)
The population of the thirteen American colonies was
perhaps the most diverse in the world, although it remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon.
For those who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" cab be best described as
the gruesome ocean voyage to America
While slavery might have begun in America for economic reasons,
racial discrimmination also powerfully molded the American slave system.
In Calvinist thought the "conversion" was
an intense, personal experience when God relealed an individuals heavenly destiny.
The settlement founded in the early 1600's that was most important for the future US was
The early years at Jamestown were mainly characterized by
starvation, disease, and frequent Indian raids.
Captain John Smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as
saving the colony from collapse.
The European explorers who follwed COlumbus to North America
continued to view themselves as Europeans.
Which of the following mountain ranges was probably created before the continental spearation approximately 350 million years ago?
Which of the followingn was not a feature created in North America then thousand years ago when the glaciers retreated?
the Grand Canyon
Most likely the first americans were
people who crossed the land bridge from Eurasia to North America.
All of the folowing are true of the Inca, Mayan, an Aztec civilizations except
they had the use of large draft animasl such as the horse and oxen.
Which group was responsible for slave trading in Africa long before the Europeans had arrived
the Arabs and Africans.
After his first voyage , Christopher Columbus believed that he had
sailed to the outskirts of the East Indies
Columbus called the native people in the "new world" indians because
he believed that he had skirted the rim of the "indies"