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Basic terms for the art II midterm.

line

the path of a moving point; may be 2D, 3D, or implied

shape

a flat, two dimensional enclosed space; can be geometric or organic

form

three dimensional enclosed space; has length, width, and depth or appears to have a volume on a two dimensional space through the use of orthogonal lines, directional lines, or value

space

the visual area the artist uses to create; classified as positive or negative

color

the response of vision to the wavelengths of light reflected from a surface

value

the lightness or darkness of an object, color, or shade; affected by the light source and aerial perspective

chiaroscuro

the Italian term for strong contrasts of dark and light values in a painting

texture

the surface feel of an object or the visual representation of the surface character

actual texture

real and can be touched

visual texture

drawn to look like it could be felt by touch

implied

drawn texture

simulated

photographic texture

focal point

the object or area in a work that attracts the viewer's initial and immediate attention; the area that the artist feels is most important and draws a viewer's eye at first glance

movement

the arrangement of the elements so that the viewer's eyes follow a visual path from the focal point throughout the composition

balance

the equalization of the elements tot give the impression of weight in a composition

symmetrical balance

a mirror image

asymmetrical balance

uses a variety of elements to create a feel of equal visual weight

proportion

the size relationship of one object to another; or one part to a whole

unity

a sense of completeness, oneness, or wholeness

contrast

dramatic differences in values, colors, textures, and other elements of design

variety

the use of different elements in creative ways to avoid monotony and dullness

rhythm

a beat or movement established in a work of art by repeating elements

neutrals

category that includes black, white, and gray

primaries

3 colors that cannot be mixed by adding different colors together

secondaries

made by combining 2 primaries

tertiary

made by mixing 1 primary and 1 secondary color

monochromatic

1 color mixed with the neutrals to get tints, tones, and shades of the color

tint

white + color

tone

gray + color

shade

black + color

analogous

3-4 colors that are consecutive colors on the color wheel

triadic

3 colors that are equal distance from each other on the color wheel

complementary

colors opposite each other on the color wheel

more

side by side, complementary colors are _____ intense than usual

split complementary

the immediate left and right colors of a complementary color

double split complementary

the immediate left and right colors of a complementary pair

abstract

art that shows the distortion of something familiar

representational

art that depicts something

non-objective

art that does not depict anything in particular

conceptual

art that deals with an idea

positive space

occupied space

negative space

unoccupied space

softer

the ________ the graphite, the darker the value

harder

the ________ the graphite, the lighter the value

medium

materials used

analysis

when you look at how the work is organized

description

when you say what you see

interpretion

when you look at what is happening and what the artist is trying to say

judgement

what you think of the work

4

the human head can be divided into __ parts

head

the eyes are the half-way point of the ____

5

how many eye widths is the face?

1

there is __ eye width between the 2 eyes

3

the face can be divided into __ parts

top 1/3

from the hairline to the inside corner of the eyebrow

middle 1/3

from the corner of the brow to the bottom of the nostril

bottom 1/3

from the bottom of the nostril to the bottom of the chin

eye

the ears attack to the head from the corner of the ____

mouth

the corners of the _____ line up with the pupils of the eyes

nose

the corners of the ____ line up with the inside corners of the eyes

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