Chapter 1 Terms

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abdominopelvic

body cavity that contains abdominal organs -- stomach, liver, gall bladder, spleen, small intestine, large intestine. Pelvic portion contains the terminal part of the large intestine, the rectum, urinary bladder and internal female reproductive organs, ovaries, uterus, oviducts.

anabolism

linking together small molecules to make larger ones. This requires the input of energy, that is utilized from catabolic reactions.

anatomy

the study of structure

antebrachial

anatomical term pertaining to the front of the arm.

antecubital

anatomical term pertaining to the front of the lower arm (in front of the elbow)

anterior

directional term that means towards the front. (i.e.) The heart is anterior to the spinal cord. i.e. ventral

axillary

anatomical term meaning armpit.

bilateral

directional term meaning structures on both sides of the midline. The hands are bilateral.

brachial

anatomical term pertaining to the arm

bucchal

anatomical term pertaining to the cheek.

calcaneal

anatomical term pertaining to the heel

carpal

anatomical term pertaining to the wrist

catabolism

breaking down large molecules or macromolecules into smaller ones. The breaking of bonds in the large molecules, liberates energy to fuel anabolic reactions

caudal

directional term meaning away from the head. Usually used in four-legged animals.

cephalad

directional term meaning towards the head. Usually used in four-legged animals.

cervical

anatomical term pertaining to the neck

clavicular

anatomical term pertaining to the collar bone

contralateral

directional term that means on different sides of the midline. The right shoulder and left hip are contralateral to each other.

coxal

anatomical term for the hip

cranial

directional term meaning towards the head. Usually used in four legged animals.

deep

directional term that means away from the surface. She has a deep cut on her hand.

deltoid

referring to the top or curve of the shoulder

distal

directional term that means farther away from. It is used in relation to the limbs and their attachment site to the body. In reference to the hips, the knee is proximal, the ankle is distal.

dorsal

directional term that means towards the back. usually used in quadripeds (four-legged animals) i.e. posterior

femoral

anatomical term pertaining to the thigh

frontal

anatomical term pertaining to the forehead

homeostasis

keeping the body within certain boundaries or physiological limits. (i.e. temperature, pH, blood pressure)

inferior

directional term for below. (i.e.) The mouth is inferior to the nose.

inguinal

anatomical term for the groin or pelvic area

ipsilateral

directional term meaning on the same side of the midline. The right wrist and right knee are ipsilateral.

lateral

directional term meaning away from the middle or midline. The ears are lateral to the nose.

lingual

anatomical term that means pertaining to the tongue

lumbar

anatomical term for the loin or lower back

medial

directional term that means towards the middle or towards the midline. The nose is medial to the ears.

mental

anatomical term pertaining to the chin

metabolism

the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body.

midline

an imaginary line that divides the body in to equal right and left sides.

nasal

anatomical term pertaining to the nose

nuchal

pertaining to the back of the neck

occipital

anatomical term for the back of the head

olecranal

anatomical term pertaining to the elbow.

orbital

anatomical term pertaining to the eye or eye socket

palmar

anatomical term dealing with the anterior side of the hand

patellar

anatomical term for the anterior knee

pectoral

anatomical term pertaining to the chest

phlanges

anatomical term for the fingers and toes. also digits is used.

physiology

the study of function

plantar

anatomical term pertaining to the sole of the foot

popliteal

anatomical term for the posterior knee

posterior

directional term that means towards the back. (i.e.) The spinal cord is posterior to the heart. i.e. dorsal

proximal

directional term that means closer to. This is used in relationship to arms and legs and their attachment site to the body. For example. In reference to the shoulder, the elbow is proximal, the wrist is distal.

scapular

anatomical term pertaining to the shoulder blade

sternal

anatomical term pertaining to the breastbone or sternum

superficial

directional term that means towards the surface. He has a superficial cut. (like a paper cut)

superior

is the directional term for above. (i.e.) the nose is superior to the mouth.

sural

anatomical term for the calf (posterior lower leg)

tarsal

anatomical term pertaining to the ankle.

temporal

anatomical term for the side of the head.

thoracic

body cavity containing esophagus, heart, lungs, great vessels, bronchi, and trachea. Protected by ribs, vertebra, the sternum. Inferior boundary is the diaphragm

ventral

directional term meaning towards the front, but usually used in quadripeds (four-legged animals) Same as anterior.

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